Question - Can ovaries be transplanted?

Answered by: Denise Harris  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 18-06-2022  |  Views: 1191  |  Total Questions: 14

A woman's ovarian tissue can be relocated as long as it is unaffected by disease. As yet, it is not medically possible for one woman to donate her ovaries to another because, similar to other types of organ transplants, the donor and recipient must be a perfect blood and tissue match. we are just freezing a thin piece of ovary tissue very much like a simple skin graft. Ovary transplantation therefore is an outpatient procedure that involves minimum pain, similar to the original ovary freeze. See Articles and Videos to get a clearer picture of this very effective method of preserving your fertility. A major advantage of ovarian tissue freezing is the number of eggs that can be frozen in “one shot. ” Embryo freezing and egg freezing typically result in approximately 10 eggs or embryos per freezing attempt. Ovarian tissue freezing is also an important method of fertility preservation for young girls. Anatomic replacement of the damaged oviduct by transplanting a healthy donor fallopian tube requires the restoration of vascular continuity. However, preliminary experience with such transplants in women show that oviduct tissue transplanted in a vascularized manner is actively and virulently rejected. If the surgery involves removing both ovaries, it's called a bilateral oophorectomy. When only one ovary is removed, it's a unilateral oophorectomy. Estrogen replacement therapy can provide some protection against the health risks that result from bilateral oophorectomy.

Egg retrieval A suction device connected to the needle is used to remove the egg from the follicle. Multiple eggs can be removed, and studies show that the more eggs retrieved— up to 15 per cycle — the better the chances of birth.

Ovarian transposition is a surgical maneuver used to protect ovarian function before delivery of gonadocidal doses of radiation therapy. Ovarian transposition has been performed in patients whose treatment includes pelvic radiotherapy as a part of management for Hodgkin's disease and other gynecologic malignancies.

For example, a woman having trouble conceiving because of blocked fallopian tubes or tubal scarring may opt for tubal surgery, a covered treatment, which can cost $8, 000-$13, 000 per surgery.

Usually an egg has to travel from the ovaries into the fallopian tube to get fertilized, before continuing down to the uterus. Without the tubes it should be nearly impossible to get pregnant, unless the woman uses in-vitro fertilization, which Kough says she didn't do.

Removal of both fallopian tubes means you can't conceive a child and won't need contraception. However, if you still have your uterus, it may be possible to carry a baby with the help of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Before having salpingectomy, discuss your fertility plans with your doctor or a fertility specialist.

You might have only one fallopian tube if you've had pelvic surgery for an infection, a tumor or a past ectopic pregnancy. Occasionally, some women are born with only one tube. However, you may still be able to get pregnant with only one tube if: You have at least one functioning ovary.

If your fallopian tube has grown back together after tubal ligation, it's possible you could have a full-term pregnancy. Some women also opt to have a tubal ligation reversal, where a doctor puts the fallopian tubes back together. This isn't always effective for women who want to get pregnant, but it can be.

Ovarian donations. Ovarian donation might occur in several ways. Women who are having ovaries removed for other reasons or undergoing other abdominal surgery could donate the excised ovarian tissue for preservation and later use by infertile persons.

Take the tubes but leave the ovaries: salpingectomy an evolving option for young women at high risk for gynecologic cancers. Removal of ovaries decreases cancer risk, but initiates menopause. Salpingectomy in which fallopian tubes are removed but ovaries are left intact is an evolving option for young, high-risk women.

Tubal ligation The tubes grow back together or a new passage forms (recanalization) that allows an egg to be fertilized by sperm. Your doctor can discuss which method of ligation is more effective for preventing tubes from growing back together. The surgery was not done correctly. You were pregnant at the time of surgery.

Answer and Explanation: If the Fallopian tubes are completely blocked, the egg is unable to be transported to the uterus, so it will remain in the blocked tube.

By puberty, a woman's egg count might be 1 million; at 25, maybe 300, 000. Then, around 35, the decline starts to get a bit steeper until all eggs have been depleted (menopause).

Remember, women are born with all the eggs they are ever going to have, and they don't make any new eggs during their lifetime. Women are born with approximately two million eggs in their ovaries, but about eleven thousand of them die every month prior to puberty.

The short answer: no, because egg freezing makes use of eggs that would otherwise have been lost in a process known as “atresia. ” During a normal menstrual cycle, only one egg is released for ovulation, but many others are “activated” and then die away.