Coconut fiber, or coir, and peat moss are two types of less readily available bedding. They retain moisture very well and worms love them. Coir is a more friendly substitute for peat moss. Coir, a fibrous material from the husk of a coconut, is a viable bedding for worms in vermiculture, or worm composting. This material is completely natural, holds water and also provides air pockets in the composting mixture, which benefits the compost mixture and the worms within it. Good bedding can also be eaten by the worms. In fact, up to 50% of a worms diet may consist of its bedding. It should be shredded up into small pieces to allow for better air flow and so that the worms can eat it more easily. Derived from coconut husks, carbon-rich Eco-co® Coir is handy for layering with nitrogen-rich kitchen scraps and lawn clippings in the compost pile, and it makes a good bedding material for worm composters. Hay or Straw works well as worm bedding material, however unless you live on a farm, you will need to purchase the hay or straw. another drawback is that hay and straw do not hold moisture as well as paper and cardboard. Hay and straw do provide great space for air and worm movement because of their structure.
Red Worms Take a Bite Composting with worms is called “vermicomposting. ” In the composting bin, worms live in bedding, such as coconut coir, shredded brown corrugated cardboard, and pure peat moss. Red worms move through their bedding by eating it. The tunnels are eaten away holes.
between eight and twelve inches
Here's a list of common bedding materials you can add into the worm bin. Brown cardboard (cut into small pieces) Paper (not bleached white office paper, shredded) Newspaper (not colored, shredded) Aged compost. Aged horse or cow manure. Coco coir or coco fiber. Peat moss. Straw and hay.
Like any good mulch material, coir helps control weeds, but it lasts up to three years, a lot longer than mulch from newspaper, straw, or grass clippings. When it does biodegrade, coir adds organic matter to the soil.
In your garden or for your potted plants you can mix up to 40% coir with your soil or potting mix. Make your own seed starting mix–for starting small seeds it is best to use fine pith coconut coir. Coir is nice on its own but even better when combined with other amendments such as rice hulls and perlite.
Coconut shells, mango seeds and peanut shells take nearly a year to decompose. Bones take a long time to decompose, so can be avoided. Crushed eggshells are a wonderful source of calcium and can be directly added to the planting soil, as can tea and coffee dregs.
I've never heard of perlite for gnats. I have it in my worm bins and it does the worms no harm, so I think you friend is mistaken. Sand and DE, perhaps, but not perlite. It's great for airation and is NOT toxic, merely an irritant.
Unlike peat, coir is a renewable resource. It is also less acidic than peat, lasts longer and has a higher water retention. Coir can be used in soilless potting mixes or mixed with soil in concentrations of up to 80 percent of the mixture. The coir is usually sold in bricks that expand in water.
It's completely safe to reuse coco coir. Unlike peat and soil, coco coir is sturdy enough to be reused two or three times.
Coir (/ˈk??? r/), or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the outer husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut.
Coconut fiber, or coir, a natural waste product resulting from the processing of coconuts, comes from the outer shell of the coconut husks. In recent years, coir has become widely used by gardeners as a mulch, soil amendment and potting soil ingredient.
By itself, the fiber is not very absorbent and will break down over time, which decreases how much air gets to the roots of your plants. Coco chips are small chunks of coir that combine the best properties of the peat and fiber. Coco chips retain water well, but also allow for air pockets, too.
Fill the coconut shells with special succulent and cactus potting mix (available from your local nursery or garden centre) and then plant with succulents. Ta-da! Not only do they look fabulous, they are biodegradable so this project has the tick of approval from Mother Nature, too.