Question - How many asteroids are close to Earth?

Answered by: Jane Price  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 07-09-2021  |  Views: 1183  |  Total Questions: 14

There are over 20, 000 known near-Earth asteroids (NEAs), over a hundred short-period near-Earth comets (NECs), and a number of solar-orbiting spacecraft and meteoroids large enough to be tracked in space before striking the Earth. A list of known near-Earth asteroid close approaches less than 1 lunar distance (0. 0025696 AU (384, 410 km; 238, 860 mi)) from Earth in 2019. The last known impact of an object of 10 km (6 mi) or more in diameter was at the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event 66 million years ago. The energy released by an impactor depends on diameter, density, velocity, and angle. On average, one asteroid the size of Apophis (370 metres) can be expected to impact Earth once in about 80, 000 years. No compatible source was found for this media. The speedy asteroid, dubbed by NASA 2019 SX5, will fly by on a “Close Approach” trajectory. NASA's asteroid trackers expect SX5 to appear close to Earth just after midnight on October 11. At its closest, NASA said the space rock will arrive around 12. 07am BST on Friday.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicxulub_crater

It was formed by a large asteroid or comet about 11 to 81 kilometers (6. 8 to 50. 3 miles) in diameter, the Chicxulub impactor, striking the Earth.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteroid

Asteroids vary greatly in size, from almost 1000 km for the largest down to rocks just 1 meter across.

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-fast-is-the-earth-mov/

The earth rotates once every 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4. 09053 seconds, called the sidereal period, and its circumference is roughly 40, 075 kilometers. Thus, the surface of the earth at the equator moves at a speed of 460 meters per second--or roughly 1, 000 miles per hour.

http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/185-What-is-the-asteroid-belt-

The asteroid belt is a region of space between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter where most of the asteroids in our Solar System are found orbiting the Sun. The asteroid belt probably contains millions of asteroids.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near-Earth_object

A near-Earth object (NEO) is any small Solar System body whose orbit brings it to proximity with Earth. By convention, a Solar System body is a NEO if its closest approach to the Sun (perihelion) is less than 1. 3 astronomical units (AU).

https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-resources/astronomy-questions-answers/what-are-asteroids/

Asteroids are rocky objects primarily found in the asteroid belt, a region of the solar system that lies more than 2 ½ times as far from the Sun as Earth does, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. These objects are sometimes called minor planets or planetoids.

https://cneos.jpl.nasa.gov/about/basics.html

Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) are comets and asteroids that have been nudged by the gravitational attraction of nearby planets into orbits that allow them to enter the Earth's neighborhood.

https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/paintballs-clarify-what-happens-when-an-asteroid-hits

When an asteroid hits the ocean, it's more likely to produce storm-surge-sized waves than giant walls of watery death. "For coastal communities, at the moment we think these impact tsunami waves would not be much more hazardous than storm surges if the impact happens far off shore in the deep ocean, " Robertson says.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potentially_hazardous_object

With a mean diameter of approximately 7 kilometers, Apollo asteroid (53319) 1999 JM8 is likely the largest known potentially hazardous object, despite its fainter absolute magnitude of 15. 2, compared to other listed objects in the table below (note: calculated mean-diameters in table are inferred from the objects

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2005/13may_2004mn4

The extra data ruled out a collision in 2029. Instead, what we're going to have is an eye-popping close encounter: On April 13, 2029, asteroid 2004 MN4 will fly past Earth only 18, 600 miles (30, 000 km) above the ground.

https://www.space.com/19878-halleys-comet.html

The comet is named after English astronomer Edmond Halley, who examined reports of a comet approaching Earth in 1531, 1607 and 1682. He concluded that these three comets were actually the same comet returning over and over again, and predicted the comet would come again in 1758.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteroid_belt

This gravitational accretion led to the formation of the planets. Planetesimals within the region which would become the asteroid belt were too strongly perturbed by Jupiter's gravity to form a planet. Instead, they continued to orbit the Sun as before, occasionally colliding.

https://www.planetary.org/blogs/bruce-betts/will-an-asteroid-hit-earth.html

A meteor is the streak of light that occurs when an object (e. g., asteroid or meteoroid) hits the Earth's atmosphere at high speed causing the object to heat up and glow. What is a meteorite? If part of a meteoroid, asteroid, or comet makes it to the ground, it is called a meteorite.