Question - Is hedonism a moral theory?

Answered by: Louis Gray  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 24-08-2021  |  Views: 822  |  Total Questions: 14

Ethical hedonism is the view that our fundamental moral obligation is to maximize pleasure or happiness. Concerning the nature of pleasure, Epicurus explains that at least some pleasures are rooted in natural and, as a rule, every pain is bad and should be avoided, and every pleasure is good and should be preferred. Hedonism. As a theory of value, hedonism states that all and only pleasure is intrinsically valuable and all and only pain is intrinsically not valuable. Hedonists usually define pleasure and pain broadly, such that both physical and mental phenomena are included. Use hedonism in a sentence. noun. The definition of hedonism is the relentless pursuit of pleasure. An example of hedonism is an ethical theory suggesting the pursuit of pleasure should be the ultimate goal. An example of hedonism is a constant quest for pleasure and satisfaction. Hedonistic Utilitarianism. "A utilitarian theory which assumes that the rightness of an action depends entirely on the amount of pleasure it tends to produce and the amount of pain it tends to prevent. Bentham's utilitarianism is hedonistic. A Hedonistic lifestyle. Hedonism started out as a philosophical system which holds that people are motivated primarily by the production of pleasure and happiness as well as avoidance of pain. Thus a person believing in such a lifestyle chooses actions that would accord him/her the maximum pleasure.

https://www.philosophybasics.com/branch_hedonism.html

Christian Hedonism is a recent controversial Christian doctrine, current in some evangelical circles, which holds that humans were created by God with the priority purpose of lavishly enjoying God through knowing, worshiping and serving Him.

https://www.quora.com/What-word-is-the-closest-opposite-to-hedonist

A eudaimonist is one who pursues eudaimonism. This is the opposite of hedonism. The pursuit of happiness through external sensory pleasures which the hedonist chases after does not bring the lasting joy that is attained through self actualization. This is what the eaudaimonist pursues.

https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/hedonistic

hedonistic. A hedonistic person is committed to seeking sensual pleasure — the type of guy you might find in a massage parlor or at an all-you-can-eat buffet. That's why hedonistic folks revel in pleasure, and demand it in the present tense.

https://www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu/newsletters/authentichappiness/happiness

Hedonism holds that the preponderance of pleasure over pain is the recipe for happiness even if this is not what one desires most. Desire theory holds that that fulfillment of a desire contributes to one's happiness regardless of the amount of pleasure (or displeasure).

https://study.com/academy/answer/is-hedonism-a-religion.html

Hedonism is the pursuit of pleasure. It is a philosophical or ethical belief, but not a religion.

https://www.utilitarianism.com/hedonism.html

Psychological hedonism is the view that humans are psychologically constructed in such a way that we exclusively desire pleasure. Ethical hedonism is the view that our fundamental moral obligation is to maximize pleasure or happiness.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/hedon

hedon (plural hedons) (economics) A unit of pleasure used to theoretically weigh people's happiness.

https://www.iep.utm.edu/egoism/

In philosophy, egoism is the theory that one's self is, or should be, the motivation and the goal of one's own action. Egoism has two variants, descriptive or normative. The descriptive (or positive) variant conceives egoism as a factual description of human affairs.

https://www.thoughtco.com/basic-principles-of-utilitarianism-3862064

Three Basic Principles of Utilitarianism, Briefly Explained Pleasure or Happiness Is the Only Thing That Truly Has Intrinsic Value. Actions Are Right Insofar as They Promote Happiness, Wrong Insofar as They Produce Unhappiness. Everyone's Happiness Counts Equally.

https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a theory in philosophy about right and wrong actions. It says that the morally best action is the one that makes the most overall happiness or "utility" (usefulness). Bentham wrote about this idea with the words "The greatest good for the greatest number", but did not use the word utilitarianism.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/ethics-everyone/201506/whats-wrong-utilitarianism

It is wrong to punish an innocent person, because it violates his rights and is unjust. But for the utilitarian, all that matters is the net gain of happiness. If the happiness of the many is increased enough, it can justify making one (or a few) miserable in service of the rest.

https://www.yourdictionary.com/utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a philosophy or belief suggesting that an action is morally right if the majority of people benefit from it. An example of utilitarianism was the belief that dropping the atomic bomb on Japan was a good idea since it potentially saved more lives than it lost.

https://willwilkinson.net/2006/06/05/the-greatest-happiness-of-the-greatest-number/

The “greatest number” principle seems to say we want a world in which everyone is at least a little happy. That's the world with an average of 2 on our scale. Eminent utilitarians like Bentham, Mill, Sidwick, and Parfit end up embracing the maximizing principle and simply dropping the distribution principle.