Because of its vital importance, however, water scarcity has become much more than a local issue for businesses. Water shortages can lead to conflict as competition grows for diminishing resources, as any scarce resource on which people depend is likely to become political at some point in time. Water politics, sometimes called hydropolitics, is politics affected by the availability of water and water resources, a necessity for all life forms and human development. Water is a strategic natural resource, and scarcity of potable water is a frequent contributor to political conflicts throughout the world. The water scarcity problem is one of the most serious risks facing the world at every level: social, economic, political and environmental. It is already manifesting itself as a problem in parts of the world, emphasizing the need to manage the natural resource in a sustainable way with the appropriate infrastructure. Water scarcity affects all social and economic sectors and threatens the health of ecosystems. The rise in population leads to higher demand for water for domestic, industrial, agricultural and municipal needs and also evacuation for waste materials. Water Scarcity: The Most Understated Global Security Risk. In particular, the availability of clean, fresh water is a reasonable expectation throughout the modern world. However, a growing lack of water (“water scarcity”), propelled by continued technological advancement and high demand, is creating a global crisis.
Water conflicts occur because the demand for water resources and potable water can exceed supply, or because control over access and allocation of water may be disputed.
Major underlying reasons for these conflicts include (1) low rainfall, inadequate water supply, and dependency on one major water source; (2) high population growth and rapid urbanization; (3) modernization and industrialization; and (4) a history of armed combat and poor relations between countries and among groups
A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda.
The most relevant factors in determining hydro-political interactions were represented by: population density, water availability, upstream/downstream dynamics, territorial and power imbalance and climatic conditions.
One problem in Southwest Asia is water pollution. With the growing population, citizens are using more and more water, thus releasing more and more pollutants into the environment around them.
Aside from an obvious lack of drinking water, hunger is one of the biggest effects of water scarcity. Water shortages directly contribute to lower crop yields and the death of livestock, which can quickly lead to food shortages. A lack of water takes a massive toll on global energy output.
Effects on environment The resulting water overuse that is related to water scarcity, often located in areas of irrigation agriculture, harms the environment in several ways including increased salinity, nutrient pollution, and the loss of floodplains and wetlands.
One of the most commonly used measures of water scarcity is the 'Falkenmark indicator' or 'water stress index'.
Here's a look at the first 19 areas where experts feel needed solutions will come. Educate to change consumption and lifestyles. Invent new water conservation technologies. Recycle wastewater. Improve irrigation and agricultural practices. Appropriately price water. Develop energy efficient desalination plants.
Water scarcity leads to food shortages while raising commodity prices thereby hindering trade with developing economies and in the long run cause civil unrest. Water scarcity has a direct impact on rain-fed and irrigated agriculture as well as livestock, and an indirect impact on food processing industries.
Definition of drought Most people think of a drought as a period of unusually dry weather that persists long enough to cause problems such as crop damage and water supply shortages. The last category deals with drought as a supply-and-demand problem, through the impacts of water shortfalls.
Billions of People Lack Water When waters run dry, people can't get enough to drink, wash, or feed crops, and economic decline may occur. In addition, inadequate sanitation—a problem for 2. 4 billion people—can lead to deadly diarrheal diseases, including cholera and typhoid fever, and other water-borne illnesses.
Your body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions. Because your body loses water through breathing, sweating, and digestion, it's important to rehydrate by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water.
Urbanization creates its own forms of water stress via increasing per capita water consumption and rising incomes, as wealthier people use more water, energy, and water-intensive goods. Simultaneously, the urban poor in the developing world can face inadequate access to drinking water and basic sanitation.