Question - What are skeletal remains?

Answered by: Elizabeth Miller  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 528  |  Total Questions: 14

Skeletal remains are all that is left of a corpse after nature has taken its course and has disposed of skin, tissue, and any other organ that may cover the skeletal frame. Forensic anthropologists not only are able to determine at the site whether skeletal remains are human, but they also employ various methods to determine the gender, age at death, race, and height of the deceased. In addition to identifying physical characteristics of the individual, forensic anthropologists can use skeletal abnormalities to potentially determine cause of death, past trauma such as broken bones or medical procedures, as well as diseases such as bone cancer. Analyzable DNA often persists in bones and teeth much longer than in the soft tissues of the body, because the rigid structure of bones and teeth provide some protection against DNA degradation. DNA survivability in skeletal remains. Dental records can take longer, depending on how long it takes to locate and request them. DNA testing typically takes the longest, Gin said. Although the state laboratory makes such cases a priority out of deference to families anxiously awaiting the results, it can take six to eight weeks for a routine case.

http://theconversation.com/how-do-we-identify-human-remains-121315

A forensic anthropologist can also study a set of skeletal remains to reveal a lot about that person when they were living — including their sex, ancestry, stature, age, disease and any fatal injuries. Radiocarbon dating of teeth and bone could tell us when that person was born and died.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26790177

One aspect ofphysical anthropology is that which studies human skeletal remains in order to reconstruct the past, understand human variation, and provide information about the deceased individuals, such as their age at death, sex, ancestry, stature, pathological conditions or traumatic injuries; the remains from medico

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteology

A subdiscipline of anatomy, anthropology, and paleontology, osteology is a detailed study of the structure of bones, skeletal elements, teeth, microbone morphology, function, disease, pathology, the process of ossification (from cartilaginous molds), and the resistance and hardness of bones (biophysics).

https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geology/dinosaur-bone-age.htm

How do scientists know the bones are really 68 million years old? Today's knowledge of fossil ages comes primarily from radiometric dating, also known as radioactive dating. Radiometric dating relies on the properties of isotopes.

https://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/technique/learning-from-skeletons/

Study the teeth. If they're worn down it could be a sign of a poor diet. They can determine how old a person was at death, what kind of health they were in and what kind of diet they had.

https://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=98485&page=1

Forensic anthropologists, experts in skeletons that do work for law enforcement agencies, say they are extremely accurate at deciphering the signs that identify a dead person's bones as African, Caucasian, Asian or American Indian. “We produce as much accuracy in race as we do with sex and age, ” says George W.

https://www.heritagedaily.com/2011/04/the-study-of-human-remains-what-does-it-really-tell-us-part-1/

The study of human remains can tell us a great deal about a society; status, wealth, religion and others. The likely reason why he is looking for that information is to add to the body of knowledge about the society from which the individual has come.

https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1989-08-22-8901060670-story.html

A person`s sex, age and race are only part of the detective novel written in the bones. Examination of upper arm bones reveals whether a person was right or left handed (the wider bone is on the dominant side). To determine race, forensic anthropologists scrutinize the shape of the skull.

http://www.biology.arizona.edu/human_bio/problem_sets/DNA_forensics_2/06t.html

Any body tissue that has not been degraded is a potential source of DNA. Urine itself does not contain DNA, but it may contain epithelial cells, which do contain DNA. Most healthy individuals, however, do not excrete epithelial cells in their urine.

https://www.researchgate.net/post/Can_DNA_be_obtained_from_teeth_that_have_broken_enamel

A) Teeth and bones are frequently the only sources of DNA available for identification of degraded or fragmented human remains. So it is possible to extract DNA from a tooth with broken enamel.

https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/identifying-remains-lessons-learned-911

DNA analysis is the gold standard for identifying human remains and may be the only available method, when other methods, such as birthmarks, dental records, or fingerprints are not available. Identifications are made by comparing the DNA profile of reference samples with those from the human remains.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17641642

This is achieved by a combination of DNA extraction from bone powder using a buffer consisting solely of EDTA and proteinase K, and purification of the DNA by binding to silica in the presence of high concentrations of guanidinium thiocyanate.