Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Types of Skin Injury Cuts, lacerations, gashes and tears. These are wounds that go through the skin to the fat tissue. Scrapes, abrasions, scratches and floor burns. These are surface wounds that don't go all the way through the skin. Bruises. These are bleeding into the skin from damaged blood vessels. Wounds can be caused by something sudden, such as a cut, a burn, a fall or a bad knock. People often have a wound after surgery. Wounds can be caused by infections, such as infections after surgery and infections in insect bites. Wounds can be caused by being immobile, such as bed sores or pressure injuries. Red blood cells help create collagen, which are tough, white fibers that form the foundation for new tissue. The wound starts to fill in with new tissue, called granulation tissue. New skin begins to form over this tissue. As the wound heals, the edges pull inward and the wound gets smaller. Open Wound Types Puncture wounds: caused by an object that punctures and penetrates the skin (e. g. knife, splinter, needle, nail) Surgical wounds and Incisions: wounds caused by clean, sharp objects such as a knife, razor, or piece of sharp glass. Thermal, chemical, or electrical burns. Bites and stings.
Keep these methods in mind to recover from your injury in record time: Get your rest. Recent research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology suggested that getting more sleep can help wounds heal faster. Eat your vegetables. Stay active. Don't smoke. Keep the wound clean and dressed.
Cuts and puncture wounds. It is also called a laceration. A cut may be deep, smooth, or jagged. It may be near the surface of the skin, or deeper. A deep cut can affect tendons, muscles, ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, or bone.
If the cut is small and is in an area that won't get dirty and be rubbed by your clothes, you may decide to leave it uncovered. But for most wounds, it's a good idea to cover them to help prevent infection or reopening the wound. Change the dressing or bandage every day or more often if it gets dirty.
A first aid antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin, Neosporin, Polysporin) can be applied to help prevent infection and keep the wound moist. Continued care to the wound is also important. Three times a day, wash the area gently with soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment, and re-cover with a bandage.
Home care for minor wounds First, wash and disinfect the wound to remove all dirt and debris. Use direct pressure and elevation to control bleeding and swelling. When wrapping the wound, always use a sterile dressing or bandage. Very minor wounds may heal without a bandage.
A large or deep cut will heal faster if your healthcare provider sutures it. This helps to make the area your body has to rebuild smaller. This is why surgical wounds typically heal faster than other kinds of wounds. Surgery cuts normally take 6 to 8 weeks to heal, according to St.
Wounds Heal Faster with Vaseline – Vaseline (petroleum jelly) not only keeps wounds clean and moist but also provides an occlusive layer, thus keeps the wound covered. When using Vaseline the wound will scab less and the new skin will be less raised (or not at all) and with less discoloration.
Types of wound care bandages and medical dressing to keep on hand include: Basic transparent adhesive bandages. Medicated bandages. Dry gauze dressings. Hydrogel dressings. Hydrofiber dressings. Foam dressings. Alginate dressings.
Maceration is defined as the softening and breaking down of skin resulting from prolonged exposure to moisture. However, this white skin should not be confused with the pale, whitish appearance of the new epithelial tissue in a healing wound.
When a wound undergoes repetitive pressure due to bumping or rubbing against a surface, it is said to be undergoing repetitive trauma. As you can see, it's important to understand the five reasons why a wound won't heal: poor circulation, infection, edema, insufficient nutrition, and repetitive trauma to the wound.
Slough refers to the yellow/white material in the wound bed; it is usually wet, but can be dry. It generally has a soft texture. It can be thick and adhered to the wound bed, present as a thin coating, or patchy over the surface of the wound (Figure 3). It consists of dead cells that accumulate in the wound exudate.
Serosanguineous is the term used to describe discharge that contains both blood and a clear yellow liquid known as blood serum. Most physical wounds produce some drainage. It is common to see blood seeping from a fresh cut, but there are other substances that may also drain from a wound.
Pus, also known as purulent drainage, can be alarming when it is coming out of an incision or other types of wounds because it is a sign of infection, but the presence of pus is both good and bad news.
When the skin is punctured, blood vessels contract and platelets release fibrin proteins that tangle together to form a clot and seal the wound. Next the blood vessels expand again to allow white blood cells to flock to the wound site. These attack any bacteria that got past the clot.