For handwriting analysis, 12 characteristics are taken into consideration by the experts. The 12 characteristics of handwriting Line quality. Word and letter spacing. Size consistency. Pen lifts. Connecting strokes. Letters complete. Cursive and printed letters. Pen pressure. Characteristics of handwriting include: specific shape of letters, e. g. their roundness or sharpness. regular or irregular spacing between letters. the slope of the letters. the rhythmic repetition of the elements or arrhythmia. the pressure to the paper. the average size of letters. the thickness of letters. There are three basic steps in the process of analyzing a handwriting sample. First, the questioned document and the standards (exemplars) are exam- ined and detectable characteristics are recorded. Obtaining a standard may require a suspected author to write a sample for the investigators under supervision. Handwriting experts examine 12 major categories of exemplars. These are functions of letter form, line form, and formatting. Letter form includes the shape of letters, curve of letters, the angle or slant of letter, proportional size of letters, and the use and appearance of connecting lines between letters. Graphology. Graphology is the analysis of the physical characteristics and patterns of handwriting claiming to be able to identify the writer, indicating the psychological state at the time of writing, or evaluating personality characteristics.
The most common reason for illegible handwriting is the large number of patients to be seen, notes to be written and prescriptions given, in a short time. It should also be accepted that poor handwriting has no correlation with the medical acumen or expertise of a doctor.
It's called cacography. defined as: bad handwriting; poor penmanship.
There are many styles of handwriting, but they are categorized into three major types; cursive, print, and D'Nealian.
Individual Characteristics are properties of physical evidence that can be attributed to a common source with a high degree of certainty. Examples of individual evidence include anything that contains nuclear DNA, toolmarks, and fingerprints.
There are three primary reasons cursive was created. To eliminate the gaps between letters that are block printed, cursive chains them all together, making the act of writing individual words significantly faster. The second reason, also very much in demand today, is the provenance of a signature.
The ability to reproduce the letter formations varies from one person to the next and is based on each writer's perception of the image and his or her ability (motor skills) to reproduce that visual perception. The act of handwriting is mastered through practice and repetition.
Changing your handwriting requires some time and effort. But in the due practice and dedication you can change your handwriting. Initially start with your favorite pen and make sure you became very comfortable by using the pen. But in the due practice and dedication you can change your handwriting.
The style of handwriting that is opposite of cursive is called print or block script.
Types of forgery Archaeological forgery. Art forgery. Black propaganda — false information and material that purports to be from a source on one side of a conflict, but is actually from the opposing side. Counterfeiting. False documents. Forgery as covert operation. Identity document forgery. Literary forgery.
There are two types of handwriting exemplars that may be used; request writings and collected writings.
Handwriting analysis falls into the questioned documents section of forensic science. These documents are examined by expert questioned documents examiners or QDEs. Handwriting is an individual characteristic. This means that handwriting is unique for each person.
Factors Affecting Handwriting Environment: Environment can affect children in a number of ways. Motor: Fine-motor control is an essential foundation for writing skills. Vision: Difficulties with vision will affect the child's hand-eye coordination which is required for aspects of spatial and motor control.
Several factors may influence handwriting style, e. g., gender, age, ethnicity, handedness, the system of handwriting learned, subject matter (content), writing protocol (written from memory, dictated, or copied out), writing instrument (pen and paper), changes in the hand- writing of an individual over time, etc.