There are five types of cotton that are being grown commercially around the world. Some are very common to our ears and we see them in stores everyday. These types are Egyptian, Sea Island, American Prima, Asiatic and American Upland. Actually, there are four types of cotton grown commercially worldwide: Gossypium hirsutum – upland cotton, native to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean. Gossypium barbadense – known as extra-long staple cotton, native to tropical South America. Gossypium arboreum – tree cotton, native to India and Pakistan. Types of Cotton Gossypium Barbadense. Pima Cotton. Pima is considered the finest cotton on earth. Gossypium Hirsutum. Upland Cotton. Characterized by its relatively short cotton fibers, Upland is perfect for producing quality everyday products that everyone can afford. Gossypium Barbadense. Egyptian Cotton. Gossypium Hirsutum. Acala Cotton. But there are some distinct differences that can make all the difference to your dressmaking. Poplin is a durable, lightweight cotton. Lawn cotton also uses a tight weave but a finer thread, giving it a buttery smooth surface texture. (You can see a full run down on Liberty Tana Lawn here. )
Different Types of Cotton 1) Asiatic Cotton. India, China and other Eastern regions produce this kind of cotton. 2) Egyptian Cotton. Egyptian cotton is very fine cotton having long and thinner fibers. 3) Canton Cotton. 4) Sea Island Cotton. 5) American Upland Cotton. 6) Organic Cotton. 7) Pima Cotton. 8) French Terry Cotton.
Egyptian cotton has the longest fiber length and is considered the softest of all cotton fabrics, Pima cotton has the second longest fiber and is considered the second best quality, and American upland cotton (usually written simply as “100% cotton”) is still soft but the quality can vary greatly.
Cotton is made from the natural fibers of cotton plants, which are from the genus Gossypium. Cotton is primarily composed of cellulose, an insoluble organic compound crucial to plant structure, and is a soft and fluffy material.
The scientific name of cotton plant is Gossypium.
The Sea Island Cotton is considered the most valuable (and expensive) cotton in the world.
Cotton is a natural fibre grown on a plant related to the commonly-found garden species hibiscus. Cotton seeds are planted in spring and the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height. During the ginning process, the lint is separated from the seeds and is then pressed into rectangular bales.
A square yard of the cotton from the bag would weigh 6. 1 ounces. The proper unit for measuring fabric weight in this case isn't an ounce, but an ounce per square yard (oz/yd2).
Corduroy. A medium- to heavyweight thick and ribbed fabric (usually cotton), often used for clothing.
The finest cotton is Sea Island Cotton. This variety is thought to be near extinct at this time. It produces extremely long, silk-like fibers and incredibly luxurious fabrics.
Top 10 Countries in Cotton Production 1) India. India has a huge Cotton Industry from over 3000 years that's why it is recognized as the birthplace of cotton industry. 2) China. China is the world leader in Cotton Production after India. 3) United States of America. 4) Pakistan. 5) Brazil. 6) Australia. 7) Uzbekistan. 8) Turkey.
Cotton has been grown for food, fiber, and even fuel for over 6, 000 years. You can find cotton in your clothes, sheets, and towels, but cotton is also used to make things like rope, U. S. currency, paper, cooking oil, animal feed, packaging, and biofuels. The benefits and versatility of cotton are numerous.
The one thing that makes one cotton fabric more premium compared to normal cotton is this: fiber length. Not only are they more comfortable to wear, Pima and Egyptian cotton also tend to be more durable. A higher level of comfort and durability is what makes premium cotton better than regular cotton.
Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A. D. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, he found cotton growing in the Bahama Islands. By 1500, cotton was known generally throughout the world. Cotton seed are believed to have been planted in Florida in 1556 and in Virginia in 1607.
Cotton Cotton grows in warm climates and most of the world's cotton is grown in the U. S., Uzbekistan, the People's Republic of China and India. Other leading cotton-growing countries are Brazil, Pakistan and Turkey.