There are over 500 different varieties of pecans with slightly different characteristics like flavor, texture, size, color, shape, etc. However, most pecans in commercial production come from just a few major varieties. The most popular are Cape Fear, Desirable, Moreland, Stuart, and Natives (these are wild seedlings). Type 1 vs. Type 2. A pecan tree has both male flowers (pendant catkins), and female flowers (erect spikes), on the same tree. Type I (protandrous) pecans have male flowers that release their pollen before their female flowers are receptive to pollen shed. Best Sellers in Pecans #1. FISHER Chef's Naturals Pecan Halves, 24 oz, Naturally Gluten Free, No Preservatives, Non-GMO. Kirkland Praline Pecans 2. 5lb. PLANTERS Roasted Pecans, 7. 25 oz. 365 Everyday Value, Pecans, Halves & Pieces, 12 oz. Nature's Eats Pecan Halves, 16 Ounce. Type I, or protandrous, pecans are those in which the catkins appear first. Catkins are commonly called tassels because their golden strands hang in clumps throughout the tree. Type II, or protogynous, pecans are those in which the female nutlets become receptive before the catkins begin to shed pollen.
Georgia is home to some of the best pecans in the world. Central and southern parts of the state are dotted with glorious groves overflowing with pecan pie potential.
American pecans constitute some 80% of the world market. The top pecan-producing states are Georgia, New Mexico and Texas.
Pecans have both male and female flowers, but they do not bloom at the same time. This basically means that a single pecan tree cannot pollinate itself, and will not produce nuts. To get around this problem, you have to plant at least 2 trees and they cannot be the same “type”.
Planting sites along southern sides of buildings receive reflected heat and sunlight, making them warmer than outlying areas. Pecan trees grow best in sunny areas with good air movement and deep, porous soil.
Louis, Jumbo Hollis pecans won a bronze medal for being the largest displayed. In the early 1900's much of its wood was sent throughout the South to be “budded” (grafted) to other pecan trees. The tree's record year was 1919, when it produced 1, 015 pounds of nuts.
Soil Moisture Stress. A shortage of water in the late spring or summer will result in small pecans that will shed in large numbers in July and August. This is probably the number one reason pecans fall at that time. Soil saturation from excess rain can also cause stress symptoms and related nut drops.
The paper-shell pecan is an improved nut, which means it's not native but cultivated, and it's named for its ultra-thin shell. These nuts can usually be cracked open with two fingers, much like a peanut.
The reasons behind that escalating price all come down to natural forces: supply and demand and weather. Their growing economy means they're more willing to pay higher prices, and that's raising prices everywhere. The demand is also moving faster than the pecans can grow.
Pecans. Purchase a 2 lb. bag of pecan halves for $14. 99 at Costco, or buy it from Amazon for $16. 94. This is not a huge price difference, but if you're shopping for other healthy goods, it's definitely worth driving to Costco.
Nutrition in a Nutshell Pecan nuts in fact rank among the top 15 foods with the highest levels of antioxidants according to the USDA. They are also a powerhouse of vitamins and minerals such as manganese, potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium, offering some wonderful health benefits.
It's easy to find pecans. Look for pecans at your favorite grocery store (tip: look in the produce aisle in the fall or the baking section), farmer's market, or online from one of our member companies who produce the highest quality pecan products.
Raw pecans contain ellagic acid, Vitamin E and carotenoids that work interactively to protect the body from diseases related to the heart, cancer, Alzheimer's disease and infections. Pecans have anti-inflammatory benefits. They can assist with weight loss and help lower cholesterol.