Question - What are the fourth and fifth estates?

Answered by: Paul Price  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 27-06-2022  |  Views: 532  |  Total Questions: 14

Making reference to the medieval concept of "three estates of the realm" (clergy, nobility, and commoners) and to a more recently developed model of "four estates", which encompasses the media, Nayef Al-Rodhan introduces the weblogs (blogs) as a "fifth estate of the realm". France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). In the United States, the term fourth estate is sometimes used to place the press alongside the three branches of government: legislative, executive and judicial. The fourth estate refers to the watchdog role of the press, one that is important to a functioning democracy. The term Fourth Estate or fourth power refers to the press and news media both in explicit capacity of advocacy and implicit ability to frame political issues. Though it is not formally recognized as a part of a political system, it wields significant indirect social influence. The Fifth Estate (TV program) The Fifth Estate Executive producer(s) Jim Williamson Running time 60 minutes Distributor CBC Television Release

https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/6600872/fourth-estate-media-fourth-estate-term/

Why is the media called the fourth estate? The term hails from the European concept of the three estates of the realm - the clergy, the nobility and the commoners. It has come to symbolise the media or press as a segment of society that has an indirect but key role in influencing the political system.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifth_Estate

The Fifth Estate is a socio-cultural reference to groupings of outlier viewpoints in contemporary society, and is most associated with bloggers, journalists publishing in non-mainstream media outlets, and the social media or "social license".

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifth_column

A fifth column is any group of people who undermine a larger group from within, usually in favor of an enemy group or nation. The activities of a fifth column can be overt or clandestine.

https://www.historywiz.com/oldregime.htm

Before the revolution the French people were divided into 3 groups: the 1st estate consisted of the clergy, the second estate of the nobility and the third estate of the bourgeoisie, urban workers, and peasants. Legally the first two estates enjoyed many privileges, particularly exemption from most taxation.

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldhistory2/chapter/taxes-and-the-three-estates/

Estates of the Realm and Taxation France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was not considered part of any estate.

https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-1st-2nd-and-3rd-estates

The first estate was the clergy, the second was the nobility, and the third were labourers. The latter comprised about 98% of the population on the eve of the Revolution. The monarch was generally considered above the estates.

https://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/second-estate/

The Second Estate was a small group in 18th century French society comprising the noble or aristocratic orders. Its members, both men and women, possessed aristocratic titles like Duc ('Duke'), Comte ('Count'), Vicomte ('Viscount'), Baron or Chevalier.

https://thefrenchrev.wordpress.com/tag/third-estate/

The third estate could be divided into three groups: the bourgeoisie, the sans culottes, and the peasants. THE BOURGEOISIE: Being merchants, manufacturers, bankers, doctors, lawyers, etc. the bourgeoisie were the middle class of France and had wealth.

https://themediaonline.co.za/2016/10/newspapers-and-the-fourth-estate-the-importance-of-a-free-press

The term the 'Fourth Estate' was first coined by Edmund Burke in 1787 when referring to the opening up of the House of Commons of Great Britain to newspaper reporting or the press.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_branch_of_government

In politics of the United States, the fourth branch of government is an unofficial term referring to groups or institutions perceived variously as influencing or acting in the stead of the three branches of the US federal government defined in the Constitution of the United States (Legislative, Executive and Judicial).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_State

The fourth state of matter. Georgia (U. S. state), one of the original Thirteen Colonies, and the fourth to ratify the Constitution of the United States of America in 1788. Puebla, admitted to the United Mexican States as its fourth state in 1823.

https://www.whatisindia.com/government.html

The Government of the Indian Union constitutes of four pillars - Legislature, Executive, Judiciary & The Fourth Estate.

https://quizlet.com/62042504/mass-comm-ch-14-pb-works-flash-cards/

The Fourth Estate: The news media, especially the printed press. It is also known as the fourth branch of government. In the mid 19th century people started to refer to the press as the fourth estate, it was viewed as a distinct social group that had certain form of power.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/News_media

The term press comes from the printing press of Johannes Gutenberg in the sixteenth century and which, from the eighteenth century, was used to print newspapers, then the only existing journalistic vehicles.