Major Themes of “Dulce et Decorum Est”: Death and horrors of war are the major themes of the poem. The poet incorporates these themes with the help of appropriate imagery. He says that those who have lived these miserable moments will never glorify war. Most English schoolboys learned that war was glorious, as exemplified in the Latin phrase that gives the poem its title: “Dulce et decorum est / Pro patria mori, ” which means that to die for one's country is sweet and fitting. Owen's imagery makes clear that war is anything but heroic, glorious, or sweet. The poem "Dulce et Decorum Est" by World War I poet Wilfred Owen does not adhere to any sort of formal poetic structure. Its four-stanza structure is irregular, as the first stanza contains 8 lines, the second stanza 6 lines, the third stanza 2 lines, and the final stanza 12 lines. The main message of this poem is that it is not "sweet and fitting to die for one's country" as so many people choose to believe; war is tragic and awful and gruesome and miserable, and so are the effects that it has on young people. The tone of this poem is angry and critical. Owen's own voice in this poem is bitter – perhaps partly fuelled by self-recrimination for the suffering he could do nothing to alleviate. Owen dwells on explicit details of horror and misery in order to maximise the impact he wishes to have on those who tell the 'old Lie'.
Another oxymoron is "desperate glory" since these two words have contradictory denotations. For, a desperate person is in a negative state, but glory involves positive feelings. Certainly, there is no glory—no achievement—in desperation, or death.
'Drunk with fatigue, ' is an expression that uses a metaphor to suggest that the men are mentally vacant and are staggering along. To be 'Drunk with fatigue, ' these men must be so tired that they are no longer sane and can barely even think for themselves.
“Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots that of disappointed shells that dropped behind, ” 'Drunk' shows that they were in a terrible physical state that they looked drunk, not able to walk, looking mad and crazy.
Metaphor: There is only one metaphor used in this poem. It is used in line seven of the poem, “Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots. ” It presents the physical state of the men. Onomatopoeia: It refers to the words which imitate the natural sounds of the things.
The term 'blood-shod' (line 6) means literally that the soldiers are wearing shoes of blood; they are having to wade through all the blood and gore that surrounds them in the midst of trench warfare.
Therefore, 'Dulce Et Decorum Est' graphically depicts a central irony of death on the modern battlefield. According to the poet, no matter how noble the cause is, the individual soldier can expect nothing but misery in combat, an ignominious death and should he be unfortunate enough to become a casualty.
It is a poem that is most commonly known because of the bitter truth that Owen writes with. Owen writes "Dulce Et Decorum Est" with many poetic techniques such as similes, metaphors, personification, rhyming, alliteration, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, direct speech and irony.
The simile 'coughing like hags' was used. because the men who went into battle were relatively young, yet after. battle they looked old and ugly, hence hags. With this one sentence. Owen implies health conditions that no one at home would ever dream.
"Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots/Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind. " These lines of the Dulce et Decorum Est poem have great meaning. The five nines were included in the poem to describe what weapons were used, and the fact that they were "outstripped" means that they were used very often.
Dulce et Decorum est is a poem written by Wilfred Owen during World War I, and published posthumously in 1920. The Latin title is taken from Ode 3. 2 (Valor) of the Roman poet Horace and means "it is sweet and fitting ". It is followed by pro patria mori, which means "to die for one's country".
Phosgene was the most lethal gas used in the First World War, being responsible for around 85, 000 deaths compared to 15, 000 from all other gases. Like chlorine, phosgene kills by attacking the lungs and causing suffocation.
Owen uses extreme, harsh imagery to accurately describe how the war became all the soldiers were aware of. The very title of Owen's poem is “Dulce et Decorum Est” which alludes to the Latin phrase “Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori”. This phrase translates to “It is sweet and proper to die for your country”.
They are worn down by the dreadful horrors of war. This develops the techniques that war is not glorious and that there is no such thing as an unwounded soldier. "Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, " Simile - The soldiers are so fatigued that they cannot walk without their legs shaking.