Roofs were of timber while interior walls were frequently covered in plaster, stucco, thin marble plaques, paintings, and mosaics. The largest, most important and still most famous Byzantine building is the Hagia Sophia of Constantinople, dedicated to the holy wisdom (hagia sophia) of God. When the Roman Empire split into two separate empires, the Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire ruled most of Eastern and Southern Europe throughout the Middle Ages. Its capital city, Constantinople, was the largest and wealthiest city in Europe during the time. One of The Byzantine empire's great achievements was the preservation of Roman and Greek Culture. In 476 in the West, the Romans collapsed. Along with their downfall, many libraries and other documents were lost. The Byzantine empire survived in the east, along with the rest of the Roman Empire. A central feature of Byzantine culture was Orthodox Christianity. Byzantine society was very religious, and it held certain values in high esteem, including a respect for order and traditional hierarchies. Family was at the center of society, and marriage, chastity, and celibacy were celebrated and respected.
The dwindling Byzantine Empire came to an end when the Ottomans breached Constantinople's ancient land wall after besieging the city for 55 days. Mehmed surrounded Constantinople from land and sea while employing cannon to maintain a constant barrage of the city's formidable walls.
The Byzantine Empire made great contributions to civilization: Greek language and learning were preserved for posterity; the Roman imperial system was continued and Roman law codified; the Greek Orthodox church converted some Slavic peoples and fostered the development of a splendid new art dedicated to the
What made the Byzantine Empire rich and successful for so long, and why did it finally crumble? Constantinople sat in the middle of a trade route, sea and land. Its wealth came from trade and its strong military. Constantinople remained secure and prosperous while cities in western Roman empire crumbles.
Byzantine Christianity originated in the eastern Roman Empire where it evolved concurrently with the emerging Byzantine state. It was the dominant form of Eastern Christianity throughout the Middle Ages and during this period it developed a complex theological system with unique spiritual practices.
As for modern countries that exist where the Empire once stood, that would be Greece, Turkey, most of the Baltic states, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and Egypt. They briefly had some holds in what is now Tunisia as well as Italy and Spain. The Byzantine Empire was not a coalition, or union, it was an Empire.
Learning and trade thrived in the Byzantine Empire. As you read in a previous chapter, Emperor Constantine ended the persecution of Christians, and Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official state religion of the Roman Empire. Christianity had a major influence on the Byzantine Empire.
Apart from that and to your question, there is no Byzantine empire today, as there is no Alexandrian empire or the city state of Athens.
1)civil wars 2)conversion to - Brainly. com. Break these blockers. civil wars. conversion to christianity. invasions. plagues. riots at the hippodrome.
In later centuries saltpetre and turpentine made their appearance, and the resulting flammable mixtures were known to the Crusaders as Greek fire or wild fire. True Greek fire was evidently a petroleum-based mixture, however.
From Constantinople (now Istanbul), Constantine ruled over the entire Roman world, but eventually the empire split again. In 476, the western Roman empire was swept away. However, the eastern empire, which is called the Byzantine Empire, endured until 1453, when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
The majority of Byzantine citizens considered themselves to be Roman, and that was the demonym used. However, as the Western Roman religion and the Latin language began to die out in the empire, many citizens referred to themselves as “Hellenes”, or Greeks, to better represent their identity.
On May 29, 1453, after an Ottoman army stormed Constantinople, Mehmed triumphantly entered the Hagia Sophia, which would soon be converted to the city's leading mosque. Emperor Constantine XI died in battle that day, and the Byzantine Empire collapsed, ushering in the long reign of the Ottoman Empire.
Constantine XI Palaeologus
Constantinople is an ancient city in modern-day Turkey that's now known as Istanbul. In 330 A. D., it became the site of Roman Emperor Constantine's “New Rome, ” a Christian city of immense wealth and magnificent architecture.