Question - What did the California tribes wear?

Answered by: Lillian Lopez  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 697  |  Total Questions: 14

Traditional Culture Men wore a breechcloth or nothing at all. For protection from wind and rain, both men and women used skin robes. Indians of northern and central California wore moccasins. Peoples of southern California typically wore sandals. Pomo men generally went naked, and Pomo women wore only grass and deerskin skirts. In colder weather, men would wear leggings and women would wear shawls made of plant fiber. The Pomos wore deerskin moccasins on their feet while they were hunting or traveling, but usually went barefoot in their own villages. Originally, Chumash people didn't wear much clothing-- women wore only knee-length grass or deerskin skirts, and men usually went naked except for a ceremonial belt. Shirts were not necessary in Chumash culture, but the Chumashes sometimes wore deerskin capes or feather robes when the weather became cooler. The Pomo groups presently recognized by the United States are based in Sonoma, Lake, and Mendocino counties. They include the following tribes: Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria. Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California.

https://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/indian-tribes/pomo-tribe.htm

Fish an important food source, particularly salmon. The Pomo hunted deer (venison), elk, antelope, fowl, and small game such as rabbits and quail. The hunter-gathers collected other foods including buckeye nuts, pepperwood nuts, various greens, roots, bulbs, and berries.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomo_religion

Pomo religion. The indigenous religion of the Pomo people, Native Americans from Northwestern California, centered on belief in the powerful entities of the 'Kunula', a Coyote, and 'Guksu', a spirit healer from the south.

https://americanindian.si.edu/exhibitions/all_roads_are_good/PomoBasket.htm

Pomo baskets are made with many details and many different designs. Swamp canes, saguaro cactuses, rye grass, black ash, willow shoots, sedge roots and redbud are all used in the weaving of these baskets. After being picked, they are dried, cleaned, split, soaked and dyed.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pomo-people

Northeastern Pomo settlements held a lucrative salt deposit, and southeastern settlements had magnesite, a substance that was combined with ground shells and made into the beads that were used as standard currency in north-central California.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chumash_people

The Chumash are a Native American people who historically inhabited the central and southern coastal regions of California, in portions of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to Malibu in the south.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chumashan_languages

Chumashan (meaning "Santa Cruz Islander") is a family of languages that were spoken on the southern California coast by Native American Chumash people, from the Coastal plains and valleys of San Luis Obispo to Malibu, neighboring inland and Transverse Ranges valleys and canyons east to bordering the San Joaquin Valley,

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nativevoices/timeline/159.html

AD 700: Chumash travel the Pacific coastline in plank canoes They paddle these canoes along the coastline, visiting villages where related tribes live. Driftwood is only one of the important resources that the ocean supplies to the Chumash. Their diet is rich with marine mammals and shellfish.

https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/american_latino_heritage/Santa_Barbara_Mission.html

The Spanish originally established the Santa Barbara Mission to make contact with the Chumash people—California natives who lived along the coast between Malibu and San Luis Obispo. The Chumash were skilled artisans, hunters, gatherers, and seafarers, but had no formal agricultural system.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chumash_traditional_medicine

The climate of the Chumash territory supported a variety of plant species, many of which were used in medicine. List of Chumash medicinal herbs. Plant Uses Yerba Mansa Cuts, sores, rheumatism, venereal disease, cough, cold, asthma, kidney problems

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chumash

The Chumash were skilled artisans: they made a variety of tools out of wood, whalebone, and other materials, fashioned vessels of soapstone, and produced some of the most complex basketry in native North America. The Chumash were also purveyors of clamshell-bead currency for southern California.

https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/ca/intro.htm

Spanish colonization of "Alta California" began when the Presidio at San Diego, the first permanent European settlement on the Pacific Coast, was established in 1769.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_California_before_1900

Coastal exploration by Europeans began in the 16th century, and settlement by Europeans along the coast and in the inland valleys began in the 18th century. California was ceded to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican–American War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yurok

The Yurok Tribe is currently the largest group of Native Americans in the state of California, with 6357 enrolled members living in or around the reservation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohlone

The Muwekma Ohlone Tribe has members from around the San Francisco Bay Area, and is composed of descendants of the Ohlones/Costanoans from the San Jose, Santa Clara, and San Francisco missions.