Question - What did the Carter Doctrine do?

Answered by: Joshua Ross  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 657  |  Total Questions: 14

The Carter Doctrine was a policy proclaimed by President of the United States Jimmy Carter in his State of the Union Address on January 23, 1980, which stated that the United States would use military force, if necessary, to defend its national interests in the Persian Gulf. Carter held office during the Cold War, a period of sustained geopolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. Upon taking office, Carter reoriented U. S. foreign policy towards a new emphasis on human rights, democratic values, nuclear proliferation, and global poverty. The election of Democrat Jimmy Carter as President in 1976 brought a new emphasis, based on Carter's personal ideology, to U. S. foreign policy. Carter believed that the nation's foreign policy should reflect its highest moral principles—a definite break with the policy and practices of the Nixon Administration. It was a statement that ended all trade with the SU. It formed an alliance with China (communist) and Israel (capitalist) to support the Afghan rebels. It stopped the SU having any control over the Middle East. The centerpiece of Carters foreign policy was human rights. This is perhaps Carters single greatest achievement as president was arranging a peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. As a result of the treaty, Egypt became the first arab nation to recognize Israel.

He though that foreign policy toward the developing world should revolve around the expansion of human rights. Carter believed that US relations with foreign countries should be determined by how a country treated its citizens. Carter negotiated a set of treaties to return the Canal Zone to Panama.

The Cold War had a profound impact on the popular conceptions of human rights as they circulated around the world. Western Europe and North America wanted to define human rights in a strict political and civic sense--negative human rights like freedom of speech and property were paramount for these countries.

The Camp David Accords, initialed on September 17, 1978 and formally signed in Washington on March 26, 1979, were the most significant foreign policy achievement of the Carter administration, and supporters hoped it would revive his struggling presidency.

The doctrine President Carter, in his State of the Union Address on January 23, 1980, after stating that Soviet troops in Afghanistan posed "a grave threat to the free movement of Middle East oil, " proclaimed: It demands collective efforts to meet this new threat to security in the Persian Gulf and in Southwest Asia.

"Peace through strength" is a phrase which suggests that military power can help preserve peace. It is quite old and has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century AD to former U. S. President Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.

The foreign policy of the Ronald Reagan administration was the foreign policy of the United States from 1981 to 1989. The main goal was winning the Cold War and the rollback of Communism—which was achieved in Eastern Europe in 1989 and in the end of the Soviet Union in 1991.

On 14 January 1980, the Carter Administration joined Sakharov's appeal and set a deadline by which the Soviet Union must pull out of Afghanistan or face the consequences, including an international boycott of the games.

SALT II was a series of talks between United States and Soviet negotiators from 1972 to 1979 which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. SALT II was the first nuclear arms treaty which assumed real reductions in strategic forces to 2, 250 of all categories of delivery vehicles on both sides.

In an address to the nation of April 18, 1977, Carter the energy crisis as, apart from preventing war, "the greatest challenge that our country will face during our lifetime. " He called for energy conservation, increased use of U. S. coal reserves, and carefully controlled expansion of nuclear power.

Nixon's foreign policy focused on détente with the Soviet Union and China, as he sought to move away from traditional ideological conflicts and the policy of containment. As peace negotiations continually bogged down, Nixon ordered major bombing campaigns in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.

The quotation embodied Carter's ideals about protecting human rights which he promoted in his foreign policies. Much of his presidency was focused resolving conflicts as well as respecting the rights of others. Unfortunately, Carter gave the impression of being a weak leader.

James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician, philanthropist, and former farmer who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. During this period, Carter was motivated to oppose the political climate of racial segregation and support the growing civil rights movement.

The dog, who was born on the same day Jimmy Carter won the presidential election, was named Grits in honor of the Carter family's Southern roots. Grits' arrival at the White House was recorded in the presidential diary on June 8, 1977.

He dealt with the energy shortage by establishing a national energy policy and by decontrolling domestic petroleum prices to stimulate production. He prompted Government efficiency through civil service reform and proceeded with deregulation of the trucking and airline industries. He sought to improve the environment.