They also fished and hunted. The Catawbas were a large and powerful group and waged war with neighboring tribes, especially the Cherokee. The Catawba traded deerskins to the Europeans for goods such as muskets, knives, kettles and cloth. The Catawbas were farming people. Catawba women harvested crops of corn, beans, and squash. Catawba men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small game, and went fishing in the rivers. Catawba dishes included cornbread, soups, and stews. By 1728, the Catawba had been reduced to about 400 warriors, or about 1400 persons in total. In 1738, they suffered from a smallpox epidemic, which also affected nearby tribes and the whites. In 1759, they again suffered from smallpox, and in 1761, had some 300 warriors, or about 1, 000 people. Early Trade The first Europeans to purchase furs from Indians were French and English fishermen who, during the 1500s, fished off the coast of northeastern Canada and occasionally traded with the Indians. In exchange, the Indians received European-manufactured goods such as guns, metal cooking utensils, and cloth.
Historically, the Indians who came to be called "Catawba" occupied the Catawba River Valley above and below the present-day North Carolina-South Carolina border. They are descended from a large group of independent peoples in the Catawba Valley who spoke a Siouan language.
We are Proud of our Past. The Catawba Indians have lived on their ancestral lands along the banks of the Catawba River dating back at least 6000 years. Before contact with the Europeans it is believed that the Nation inhabited most of the Piedmont area of South Carolina, North Carolina and parts of Virginia.
The Cherokee Indians were one of the largest of five Native American tribes who settled in the American Southeast portion of the country. The tribe came from Iroquoian descent. In 1828, gold was discovered on the Cherokee's land. This prompted the overtaking of their homes, and they were forced out.
About 200 years ago the Cherokee Indians were one tribe, or "Indian Nation" that lived in the southeast part of what is now the United States.
The Catawba, Pee Dee, Chicora, Edisto, Santee, Yamassee, and Chicora-Waccamaw tribes are all still present in South Carolina as are many descendants of the Cherokee.
The Waxhaw primarily live in what is present-day Lancaster County, South Carolina, and Union and Mecklenburg Counties in North Carolina. Lawson mentions two villages in 1701 but the names are not given. The Waxhaw were possibly the Gueza of Vandera, who lived in western South Carolina in 1566-67.
The Occaneechi Indians were a tribe of American Indians who lived in the Piedmont region of what are now North Carolina and southern Virginia prior to European settlement.
When blood quantum is used by the BIA, it is recorded on a Certificate of Degree of Indian or Alaska Native Blood (pdf), or CDIB, card. The calculation of “Indian blood” requires that you prove a connection to an ancestor in an Indian census or tribal roll. Your blood quantum is then calculated based on your ancestor.
Cherokees believed that at first, serpents were not poisonous and neither were any roots or plants. Man would have lived forever, as man was to eat plants only, but in time he began to eat animals. Animals would kill humans by giving them disease and violence. Plants came to help men with medicine.
The Europeans traded them rum particularly (as they'd keep coming back for it while most physical goods they were quickly sated on), fabrics (Wool, Linen, Cotton, Canvas, Silk) generally dyed in colors not locally available, needles and thread, steel knives, cast iron cooking pots, iron traps for all sorts of animals (
The Jamestown colonists traded glass beads and copper to the Powhatan Indians in exchange for desperately needed corn. Later, the Indian trade broadened to include trading English-made goods such as axes, cloth, guns and domestic items in exchange for shell beads.
Early Trade The first Europeans to purchase furs from Indians were French and English fishermen who, during the 1500s, fished off the coast of northeastern Canada and occasionally traded with the Indians. In exchange, the Indians received European-manufactured goods such as guns, metal cooking utensils, and cloth.