The Golgi apparatus gathers simple molecules and combines them to make molecules that are more complex. It then takes those big molecules, packages them in vesicles, and either stores them for later use or sends them out of the cell. It is also the organelle that builds lysosomes (cell digestion machines). The Golgi body is a portion of the cell that's made up of membranes, and there's different types of membranes. Some of them are tubules, and some of them are vesicles. The Golgi is located right near the nucleus. It's called a perinuclear body, and it's actually right near the endoplasmic reticulum as well. The Golgi apparatus serves as a processing center for the exportation of proteins, lipids and other large molecules to their final destinations outside of the cell. Each cisterna is made up of a flattened disk that carries enzymes meant to help or modify the protein cargo that travels through them. The Golgi is formed by a series of stacked cisternae with a convex (cis, forming) and a concave (trans, maturing) face. The cis face is oriented towards the endoplasmic reticulum and is the surface to which proteins formed in the ER are transferred to begin the process of modification, sorting, and packaging. The Golgi apparatus is integral in modifying, sorting, and packaging these substances for cell secretion or for use within the cell. It primarily modifies proteins delivered from the rough endoplasmic reticulum, but is also involved in the transport of lipids around the cell, and the creation of lysosomes.
The Golgi body is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. The Golgi body has a number of functions, including sorting and processing proteins. Proteins are synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum, then they travel to the Golgi body. While in the Golgi body, they are processed and sent throughout the cell.
Animal Cell Coloring Cell Membrane (light brown) Nucleolus (black) Cytoplasm (light yellow) Golgi Apparatus (pink) Nucleoplasm (pink) Flagella (red/blue striped) Nuclear Membrane (dk brown) Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (dark blue) Microtubules (dark green) Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (light blue)
The Golgi Apparatus. The Golgi apparatus (GA), also called Golgi body or Golgi complex and found universally in both plant and animal cells, is typically comprised of a series of five to eight cup-shaped, membrane-covered sacs called cisternae that look something like a stack of deflated balloons.
Golgi apparatus. [ gōl′jē ] An organelle in eukaryotic cells that stores and modifies proteins for specific functions and prepares them for transport to other parts of the cell. The Golgi apparatus is usually near the cell nucleus and consists of a stack of flattened sacs.
The Golgi apparatus gathers simple molecules and combines them to make molecules that are more complex. It then takes those big molecules, packages them in vesicles, and either stores them for later use or sends them out of the cell. It is also the organelle that builds lysosomes (cell digestion machines).
Answer and Explanation: An analogy for the golgi apparatus is that the golgi apparatus is like a mail room in an office building. The golgi apparatus is in charge or sorting
Chloroplasts. The chloroplast is made up of 3 types of membrane: A smooth outer membrane which is freely permeable to molecules.
The number of 'Golgi apparatus' within a cell is variable. Animal cells tend to have fewer and larger Golgi apparatus. Plant cells can contain as many as several hundred smaller versions. The Golgi apparatus receives proteins and lipids (fats) from the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
Lysosomes are called suicidal bags of the cells. They contain hydrolytic enzymes. If the cell is damaged, the lysosomes undergo autolysis and burst open. This results in the release of those hydrolytic enzymes The released enzymes then digest their own cell and ultimately the cell dies.
Definition. The Golgi lumen consist of the cisternal spaces (or internal lumen) of the Golgi apparatus.