Question - What does the short gastric artery supply?

Answered by: Marilyn Sanders  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 887  |  Total Questions: 14

The short gastric arteries are a group of short arteries arising from the terminal splenic artery and the left gastroepiploic artery which supply the fundus of the stomach along it's greater curvature. The right gastric artery supplies the lesser curvature of the stomach. Its branches come off at right angles, in contrast to branches from vagal nerve trunks, which comes off obliquely. The arterial vascularization of the stomach fundus of human fetuses. It has been found, that the source of the arterial blood supply of this region are two arteries: the left gastric artery and splenic artery with its bigger branches: posterior gastric artery, superior polar artery and short gastric arteries. The common hepatic artery is one of the final branches of the celiac artery. It supplies oxygen-rich blood to the liver, pylorus, pancreas, and duodenum. The proper hepatic artery enters the porta hepatis where it splits into the left and right hepatic arteries that supply the liver. The first major branch of the abdominal aorta, the celiac trunk is responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the stomach, spleen, liver, esophagus, and also parts of the pancreas and duodenum.

The right gastric artery arises, in most cases (53% of cases), from the proper hepatic artery, descends to the pyloric end of the stomach, and passes from right to left along its lesser curvature, supplying it with branches, and anastomosing with the left gastric artery.

The supraduodenal artery is an artery which usually branches from the common hepatic artery. This artery supplies the superior portion of the duodenum.

Function. The celiac artery supplies oxygenated blood to the liver, stomach, abdominal esophagus, spleen and the superior half of both the duodenum and the pancreas. These structures correspond to the embryonic foregut.

The superior and inferior mesenteric veins join the splenic vein behind the pancreas to form the portal vein which carries blood to the liver, which in turn is drained by the hepatic veins which pass into the IVC.

The portal vein is formed by the union of the splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein. It receives additional tributaries from: Right and left gastric veins – drain the stomach.

Celiac artery, also known as the celiac axis or celiac trunk, is a major visceral artery in the abdominal cavity supplying the foregut. It arises from the abdominal aorta and commonly gives rise to three branches: left gastric artery, splenic artery, and common hepatic artery.

The stomach is located in the upper-left area of the abdomen below the liver and next to the spleen. Its main function is to store and break down the foods and liquids that we consume before those contents travel to other organs to be further digested. When the stomach is empty, the inside has small folds called rugae.

Lesser omentum. The lesser omentum extends from the lesser curvature of the stomach and duodenal bulb (first part of duodenum) to the liver. One of its roles is to separate the greater sac from the omental bursa.

The hepatic veins carry oxygen-depleted blood from the liver to the inferior vena cava. They also transport blood that has been drained from the colon, pancreas, small intestine, and the stomach, and cleaned by the liver. These veins originate from the core vein of the liver lobule, but they do not have any valves.

Left hepatic artery. The left hepatic artery (LHA) is formed when the proper hepatic artery (PHA) bifurcates. The hepatic arteries provide 25% of the blood supply and 50% of the oxygen supply to the liver.

Picture of the Carotid Artery. The carotid arteries are major blood vessels in the neck that supply blood to the brain, neck, and face. In the neck, each carotid artery branches into two divisions: The internal carotid artery supplies blood to the brain.

The liver is connected to two large blood vessels, the hepatic artery and the portal vein.

The liver is an essential organ that has many functions in the body, including making proteins and blood clotting factors, manufacturing triglycerides and cholesterol, glycogen synthesis, and bile production. The liver is a large organ that sits on the right hand side of the belly.