Amiodarone. Atropine. Epinephrine. ACLS Drugs Vent. Fib. /Tach. Epinephrine. Vasopressin. Amiodarone. Lidocaine. Magnesium. Asystole/PEA. Epinephrine. Vasopressin. Atropine (removed from algorithm per 2010 ACLS Guidelines) Bradycardia. Atropine. Epinephrine. Dopamine. Tachycardia. adenosine. Diltiazem. Beta-blockers. amiodarone. Digoxin. Verapamil. Magnesium. Reviewing mock code skills Initiate the code blue per facility policy. Start CPR (one- and two-person rescuer). Position the bag-mask device and attach it to oxygen. Place the backboard. Bring the crash cart to the room. Arrange the room for best patient and crash cart access. Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest response Adrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. Amiodarone. Lidocaine. Atropine. Additional drugs. Calcium chloride. Magnesium sulphate. Miscellaneous drugs. Adenosine. Adenosine is one of the most commonly used medications in the ACLS and PALS algorithms. The delivery of adenosine in ACLS and PALS causes a transient heart block in the atrioventricular (AV) node.
The role of calcium chloride in the treatment of hyperkalemia is to stabilize the myocardial cell membrane and reduce the risk of VF. In addition, higher doses of IV calcium during a cardiac arrest may be recommended in a calcium channel blocker toxicity or overdose.
Sodium Bicarbonate: corrects metabolic acidosis during a cardiac arrest. Metabolic acidosis occurs after the heart stops, due to a buildup of the acid waste materials in the body. This condition will be corrected by regularly administering (approx every 10 minutes) the sodium bicarbonate.
Atropine is the first line medication for the treatment of bradycardia. The administration of atropine typically causes an increase in heart rate. This increase in the heart rate occurs when atropine blocks the effects of the vagus nerve on the heart.
Epinephrine is the primary drug used in the cardiac arrest algorithm. It is used for its potent vasoconstrictive effects and also for its ability to increase cardiac output. Epinephrine is considered a vasopressor.
Code Blue. Goal: The goal of a code blue is to perform resuscitation efforts after a person has stopped breathing, or after a person's heart has stopped beating. Initiated by: A code blue should be initiated by anyone with CPR certification or someone that can verify if a person has stopped breathing, or has no pulse.
The Use of Mnemonics Some of the most common mnemonics that are normally used by ACLS certification candidates include note organization mnemonics, expressions, models, words, music, names, images, rhymes, connection and spelling mnemonics and flashcards. Here is an example of a Mnemonic that is used for ACLS.
Code blue means there is a medical emergency occurring within the hospital. Healthcare providers can choose to activate a code blue, typically by pushing an emergency alert button or dialing a specific phone number, if they feel the life of the person they are treating is in immediate danger.
Some of the drugs that are used to treat these arrhythmias are: Epinephrine - Used in ventricular fibrillation, pulseless ventricular tachycardia, asystole, PEA, and sometimes bradycardia. Atropine - Used in asystole, bradycardia and sometimes PEA. Lidocaine - Used in ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.
I. ESSENTIAL EMERGENCY DRUGS Oxygen. Oxygen is indicated for every emergency except hyper-ventilation. Epinephrine. Nitroglycerin. Injectable Antihistamine. Albuterol (Salbutamol) Aspirin. Oral Carbohydrate.
Research generally suggests that about 40 percent of patients who receive CPR after experiencing cardiac arrest in a hospital survive immediately after being resuscitated, and only 10 to 20 percent survive long enough to be discharged.
Complications of bystander CPR included rib fracture, lung injuries such as pneumothorax and lung contusion, abdominal organ injuries such as hepatic, splenic and gastric injuries, and chest and/or abdominal pain requiring analgesics.
Technically, there's no formal definition for a code, but doctors often use the term as slang for a cardiopulmonary arrest happening to a patient in a hospital or clinic, requiring a team of providers (sometimes called a code team) to rush to the specific location and begin immediate resuscitative efforts.