Question - What drugs are used in chemotherapy?

Answered by: Paul Butler  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 880  |  Total Questions: 14

There are several types of alkylating agents used in chemotherapy treatments: Mustard gas derivatives: Mechlorethamine, Cyclophosphamide, Chlorambucil, Melphalan, and Ifosfamide. Ethylenimines: Thiotepa and Hexamethylmelamine. Alkylsulfonates: Busulfan. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it's used to treat a wide variety of cancers. The rationale for combination therapy is to use drugs that work by different mechanisms, thereby decreasing the likelihood that resistant cancer cells will develop. When drugs with different effects are combined, each drug can be used at its optimal dose, without intolerable side effects. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body. Acute nausea and vomiting usually happens a few minutes to hours after chemo is given. It goes away within the first 24 hours. The worst of this acute vomiting most often happens about 5 or 6 hours after chemo. Delayed nausea and vomiting starts more than 24 hours after chemo and up to 5 to 7 days after treatment.

Q: Do chemo side effects get worse with each treatment? A: Some people undergoing chemotherapy report that they feel more fatigue the further along they get in their regimen. Nerve damage can occur with chemotherapy, and this may get worse with each dose. Sometimes, treatment has to be stopped because of this.

“As opposed to blocking the growth of all dividing cells, they (anti-estrogens) just block the growth of specific pathways or proteins that are critical to the cancer, ” he says, adding that estrogen inhibitors, such as tamoxifen and Faslodex (fulvestrant), are more commonly associated with hair thinning, which usually

There are all different kinds of chemo mixes, & for every chemo cocktail, there are all different reactions to it. I'm begging you, don't go through chemo alone. It doesn't matter if you have to have your snotty cousin move in or check on you every few hours. Just do it.

Due to these side effects and its red color, doxorubicin has earned the nickname "red devil" or "red death. " Chemotherapy can cause reactivation of hepatitis B, and doxorubicin-containing regimens are no exception. Doxorubicin and several chemotherapeutic drugs (including cyclophosphamide) cause dyspigmentation.

Intramuscular B12 injections and oral folic acid reduce toxicity of pemetrexed chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (27), and may also help to improve treatment efficacy (28) (29), but oral administration of vitamin B12 did not have similar effects (50).

How Can We Tell if Chemotherapy is Working? A lump or tumor involving some lymph nodes can be felt and measured externally by physical examination. Some internal cancer tumors will show up on an x-ray or CT scan and can be measured with a ruler. Blood tests, including those that measure organ function can be performed.

How many cycles of chemotherapy are necessary? You may need four to eight cycles to treat your cancer. A series of cycles is called a course. Your course can take 3 to 6 months to complete -- and you may need more than one course of chemo to beat the cancer.

Being well-hydrated is also helpful for your body as it goes through the steps of processing your chemotherapy drugs. Pre-Chemo Blood Tests 101. Ask Questions About Each Drug. Post-Chemo Medications. Staying Hydrated by Drinking Fluids. Plan on Having a Support Buddy. Track Your Side Effects. Allow for Fatigue and Recovery.

Metastatic cancer is considered stage IV. Chemotherapy is used to treat advanced-stage breast cancer by destroying or damaging the cancer cells as much as possible. Because chemotherapy medicines affect the entire body, chemotherapy is commonly used to treat advanced-stage breast cancer.

This lets your healthy cells heal. For example, you might get a dose of chemotherapy on the first day and then have 3 weeks of recovery time before repeating the treatment. Each 3-week period is called a treatment cycle. Several cycles make up a course of chemotherapy.

Suffering through cancer chemotherapy is worth it -- when it helps patients live longer. Patients whose tumors lack the gene for this protein do better after chemo; those whose tumors carry the gene get no additional benefit, the study found.

Sometimes your eyelash, eyebrow, armpit, pubic and other body hair also falls out. Some chemotherapy drugs are more likely than others to cause hair loss, and different doses can cause anything from a mere thinning to complete baldness. Fortunately, most of the time hair loss from chemotherapy is temporary.

While taking chemotherapy, it is safe to touch other people (including hugging or kissing). However, special care is needed to protect others from contact with the medication.

Chemotherapy for Cancer - How Chemotherapy Works Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments for cancer. It uses certain drugs to kill cancer cells or to stop them from growing and spreading to other parts of your body. Your doctor might prescribe chemo by itself or with surgery or radiation therapy.