Drugs and Defibrillation Used in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Drug Dosagea Atropine 0. 1 mL/5 lb (0. Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest response Adrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. Amiodarone. Lidocaine. Atropine. Additional drugs. Calcium chloride. Magnesium sulphate. Miscellaneous drugs. A resuscitator is a device using positive pressure to inflate the lungs of an unconscious person who is not breathing, in order to keep them oxygenated and alive. There are many different types of resuscitation equipment and accessories that assist in providing oxygen into a patient. ACLS Drugs Vent. Fib. /Tach. Epinephrine. Vasopressin. Amiodarone. Lidocaine. Magnesium. Asystole/PEA. Epinephrine. Vasopressin. Atropine (removed from algorithm per 2010 ACLS Guidelines) Bradycardia. Atropine. Epinephrine. Dopamine. Tachycardia. adenosine. Diltiazem. Beta-blockers. amiodarone. Digoxin. Verapamil. Magnesium. There is a basic list that all crash carts contain. All carts contain: Basic airway equipment including bag valve masks, oral and nasal airways, oxygen masks and nasal cannulas, Magill forceps. Intravenous access equipment (or intraosseous) including angiocaths, IV tubing and IV fluid.
I. ESSENTIAL EMERGENCY DRUGS Oxygen. Oxygen is indicated for every emergency except hyper-ventilation. Epinephrine. Nitroglycerin. Injectable Antihistamine. Albuterol (Salbutamol) Aspirin. Oral Carbohydrate.
Research generally suggests that about 40 percent of patients who receive CPR after experiencing cardiac arrest in a hospital survive immediately after being resuscitated, and only 10 to 20 percent survive long enough to be discharged.
Then follow these CPR steps: Position your hand (above). Make sure the patient is lying on his back on a firm surface. Interlock fingers (above). Give chest compressions (above). Open the airway (above). Give rescue breaths (above). Watch chest fall. Repeat chest compressions and rescue breaths.
Complications of bystander CPR included rib fracture, lung injuries such as pneumothorax and lung contusion, abdominal organ injuries such as hepatic, splenic and gastric injuries, and chest and/or abdominal pain requiring analgesics.
Some of the drugs that are used to treat these arrhythmias are: Epinephrine - Used in ventricular fibrillation, pulseless ventricular tachycardia, asystole, PEA, and sometimes bradycardia. Atropine - Used in asystole, bradycardia and sometimes PEA. Lidocaine - Used in ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.
ACLS Algorithm Overview. Each ACLS algorithm is designed to simplify the process for the management and treatment of patients experiencing a cardiovascular emergency or progressing toward a cardiovascular emergency.
Atropine is the first line medication for the treatment of bradycardia. The administration of atropine typically causes an increase in heart rate. This increase in the heart rate occurs when atropine blocks the effects of the vagus nerve on the heart.
Atropine is a medication used to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery. It is an antimuscarinic (a type of anticholinergic) that works by inhibiting the parasympathetic nervous system.
Code Blue buttons are also located in patient rooms in the clinical areas. ensure that you are familiar with the location of the Code Blue button. To call a Code Blue, dial 25 and then give the location of the code. Any phone in the hospital can be used to call 25.
A “blue code” is defined as any patient with an unexpected cardiac or respiratory arrest requiring resuscitation and activation of a hospital-wide alert. In other situations, the person who was at locality will take care for the patient.
Code Blue. Goal: The goal of a code blue is to perform resuscitation efforts after a person has stopped breathing, or after a person's heart has stopped beating. Initiated by: A code blue should be initiated by anyone with CPR certification or someone that can verify if a person has stopped breathing, or has no pulse.
Dose and Administration: Adult ACLS: With a pulse: Give 1-2g slow IV/IO infusion over 5-60 minutes, followed with a maintenance infusion of 0. 5-1g/hr. (Magnesium should be diluted in 50-100ml of D5W. ) Cardiac arrest: Give 1-2gm slow IV/IO infusion over 5-20 minutes.
There are 3 medications that are used in the Bradycardia ACLS Algorithm. They are atropine, dopamine (infusion), and epinephrine (infusion). Atropine: The first drug of choice for symptomatic bradycardia. The dose in the Bradycardia ACLS algorithm is 0. 5mg IV push and may repeat up to a total dose of 3mg.