Common drug classes used to treat edema include corticosteroids, loop diuretics, thiazide diuretics, potassium-sparing/thiazide diuretic combinations, thiazide-like diuretics, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and potassium-sparing diuretics. 4) NSAIDs. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and naproxen (Aleve) are popular over-the-counter medications used for pain and inflammation. They are a well-known cause of swelling due to salt retention. For swelling that's painful, a doctor may prescribe a pain reliever or over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication, such as ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen sodium (Aleve). Home Care Put your legs on pillows to raise them above your heart while lying down. Exercise your legs. Follow a low-salt diet, which may reduce fluid buildup and swelling. Wear support stockings (sold at most drugstores and medical supply stores). When traveling, take breaks often to stand up and move around. The onset of action after oral administration is within one hour, and the diuresis lasts about 6-8 hours. The onset of action after injection is five minutes and the duration of diuresis is two hours. The diuretic effect of furosemide can cause depletion of sodium, chloride, body water and other minerals.
Pulmonary edema: Excess fluid collects in the lungs, making breathing difficult. This can result from either congestive heart failure or acute lung injury. It is a serious condition, it can be a medical emergency, and it can lead to respiratory failure and death. Cerebral edema: This occurs in the brain.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are drugs that help reduce inflammation, which often helps to relieve pain. In other words, they're anti-inflammatory drugs. Some of the more common OTC NSAIDs are: aspirin.
Reduce salt intake. If you are taking diuretics, your doctor should give you specific instructions about salt intake. Eat foods high in B-vitamins and iron, such as whole grains (if no allergy), dark leafy greens (such as spinach and kale), and sea vegetables.
Here are some natural remedies to reduce swelling: Soak your feet in cool water. drink plenty of water. Wear shoes that allow your feet to breathe and move freely. Rest with your legs elevated. Wear support stockings. Do a few minutes of walking and simple leg exercises.
The 8 Best Natural Diuretics to Eat or Drink Coffee. Share on Pinterest. Dandelion Extract. Dandelion extract, also known as Taraxacum officinale or “lion's tooth, ” is a popular herbal supplement often taken for its diuretic effects ( 4, 5 ). Horsetail. Parsley. Hibiscus. Caraway. Green and Black Tea. Nigella Sativa.
Common causes of foot, leg, and ankle swelling Being overweight. Excess body mass can decrease blood circulation, causing fluid to build up in the feet, legs, and ankles. Standing or sitting for long periods. When the muscles are inactive, they can't pump body fluids back up toward the heart.
Taking 200 to 400 milligrams of magnesium daily might help with the swelling. But before you take any kind of supplement, ask your doctor. Magnesium supplements aren't right for everyone, especially if you have a kidney or heart condition.
Mild edema usually goes away on its own, particularly if you help things along by raising the affected limb higher than your heart. More-severe edema may be treated with drugs that help your body expel excess fluid in the form of urine (diuretics). One of the most common diuretics is furosemide (Lasix).
This means that it gathers in the legs, and fluid is forced out of the blood vessels into the surrounding tissue. Edema can also be caused by varicose veins. Congestive heart failure can also cause edema in the lungs (pulmonary edema). This is not common, but the condition is life-threatening.
Do you lie in bed with your legs straight out in front of you? If so, you may be placing excess pressure on the legs – something that could make it tough to enjoy a restful night's sleep. Elevating the legs even 6 to 12 inches above the heart takes pressure off the leg veins.
When should I call a doctor or go to a hospital if my legs are swollen? You should call 911 or go to an emergency room if you are short of breath, you have pain in your chest, or you are dizzy, confused, or light-headed. You should also get medical attention immediately if the swelling is only in one leg.
Medications, pregnancy, infections, and many other medical problems can cause edema. Edema happens when your small blood vessels leak fluid into nearby tissues. That extra fluid builds up, which makes the tissue swell. It can happen almost anywhere in the body.
Leg swelling generally occurs because of an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the lower extremity. Common causes of leg swelling include salt retention, cellulitis, congestive heart failure, venous insufficiency, pregnancy, and medication side effects.
Swelling caused by edema will usually make the skin feel tight, heavy, or sore. Other symptoms depend on the cause, but they can include: tingling or burning sensations around the swelling. pain and aching in the swollen areas.