Question - What drugs can cause serotonin syndrome?

Answered by: Willie Anderson  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 1198  |  Total Questions: 14

Serotonin Syndrome Symptoms Gastrointestinal symptoms include diarrhea and vomiting. Nervous system symptoms include overactive reflexes and muscle spasms, said Su. Other serotonin syndrome symptoms include high body temperature, sweating, shivering, clumsiness, tremors, and confusion and other mental changes. Treatment may include: Benzodiazepine medicines, such as diazepam (Valium) or lorazepam (Ativan) to decrease agitation, seizure-like movements, and muscle stiffness. Cyproheptadine (Periactin), a drug that blocks serotonin production. Intravenous (through the vein) fluids. Withdrawal of medicines that caused the syndrome. The most commonly prescribed class of antidepressants, which work by increasing serotonin, are the serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). These include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil), and sertraline (Zoloft). Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a group of symptoms that may occur with the use of certain serotonergic medications or drugs. The degree of symptoms can range from mild to severe. Symptoms include high body temperature, agitation, increased reflexes, tremor, sweating, dilated pupils, and diarrhea.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/serotonin-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20354758

Signs and symptoms include: Agitation or restlessness. Confusion. Rapid heart rate and high blood pressure. Dilated pupils. Loss of muscle coordination or twitching muscles. Muscle rigidity. Heavy sweating. Diarrhea.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080204094507.htm

Why Serotonin Can Cause Depression And Anxiety. Summary: It has long been suggested that over-activity of the serotonin system may relate to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, as these seem characterized by too much withdrawal and avoidance.

https://www.healthline.com/health/serotonin-deficiency

While there is a test that measures serotonin in your blood, it's generally only used to check for serotonin-producing tumors outside of the brain. Also, blood serotonin levels don't necessarily reflect the levels in your brain. Steer clear of neurotransmitter urine tests that are available online.

https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/abl0581

If you are taking any other medicine along with an antidepressant (or two antidepressants) and you notice any of these symptoms, call your doctor right away. Without treatment, serotonin syndrome can be deadly. But treatment usually can get rid of the symptoms in less than 24 hours.

https://www.medsafe.govt.nz/profs/PUArticles/Dec2012Neuroleptic.htm

Features of these syndromes may overlap making diagnosis difficult. However, NMS is characterised by 'lead-pipe' rigidity, whilst serotonin syndrome is characterised by hyperreflexia and clonus. Dopamine antagonists precipitate NMS, whilst serotonergic medicines are indicative of serotonin syndrome.

https://www.cbgenius.net/2018/07/02/the-2018-ultimate-guide-to-cbd/

In extreme cases this can cause serotonin syndrome. Now, granted, there have not been any cases of serotonin syndrome as a result of taking CBD with antidepressants, but to reiterate it is always better to stay safe than sorry.

https://www.riskology.co/social-anxiety/

So, How Do I Lower My Serotonin? Eat more digestible foods. Since so much of your serotonin is produced in your gut, it makes sense to start there. Stop watching TV. Actively use your mind. Eat less meat. Get outside more.

https://www.medicinenet.com/lexapro_vs_xanax/article.htm

Lexapro prevents the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which results in more serotonin in the brain to attach to receptors. Xanax (alprazolam) is a benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety. Xanax acts by enhancing the effects of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain.

https://www.brain-effect.com/en/magazin/boost-serotonin-levels

Naturally more serotonin: These 5 micro nutrients will help you! Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 must be present in order to facilitate the conversion of amino acids into serotonin. Vitamin D. Green tea (L-theanine) Omega-3 fatty acids. Rhodiola (rose root)

https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/serotonin

Many doctors will prescribe a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) to treat depression. They're the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant. SSRIs increase the levels of serotonin in the brain by blocking reabsorption of the chemical, so more of it remains active.

https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/exercise

Physical activity also stimulates the release of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. For example, regular exercise can positively impact serotonin levels in your brain. Raising your levels of serotonin boosts your mood and overall sense of well-being.

https://www.healthline.com/health/chemical-imbalance-in-the-brain

These researchers hypothesized that lower than normal levels of neurotransmitters can lead to symptoms such as: feelings of sadness, helplessness, worthlessness, or emptiness. overeating or loss of appetite. insomnia or sleeping too much.

https://www.integrativepsychiatry.net/seritonin-and-seritonin-deficiency.html

Genetic factors, faulty metabolism, and digestive issues can impair absorption and breakdown of our food which reduces are ability to build serotonin. Poor Diet. Hormone changes cause low levels of serotonin and neurotransmitter imbalances. Lack of sunlight contributes to low serotonin levels.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319527.php

Also, depression itself may cause weight gain in some people and weight loss in others. Antidepressants interfere with serotonin, the neurotransmitter that regulates anxiety and mood while also controlling appetite.