Question - What drugs can cause somnolence?

Answered by: Julie Robinson  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 16-06-2022  |  Views: 703  |  Total Questions: 14

This is a partial list of medications that can cause sleepiness: Alpha-adrenergic blocking agents—used to treat conditions such as high blood pressure. Antidepressants. Antihistamines—found in nonprescription sleeping pills and other medications like Benadryl. Antiemetics—used to control nausea and vomiting. The illicit recreational drugs cocaine, ecstasy and marijuana have pronounced effects upon sleep. Administration of cocaine increases wakefulness and suppresses REM sleep. Acute cocaine withdrawal is often associated with sleep disturbances and unpleasant dreams. Consider these strategies: Take a brief nap during the day. Get some physical activity, such as walking. Avoid driving or operating dangerous machinery until the fatigue passes. Take your antidepressant at bedtime if your doctor approves. Talk to your doctor to see if adjusting your dose will help. Certain medicines can also cause ulcers in the esophagus when they become lodged there. These include aspirin, certain antibiotics, quinidine, potassium chloride, vitamin C, and iron. Do not lie down immediately after taking medicine, to make sure the pills have gone through the esophagus into the stomach.

https://www.ef.com/wwen/blog/language/5-brain-foods-to-keep-you-awake-and-make-you-smarter/

5 brain foods to keep you awake (and make you smarter) A strong cup of coffee. Every student knows that the local barista that makes that daily morning cup is their best friend. A fruit shake. A handful of dark chocolate pieces and nuts. Fish and baked potatoes for lunch. Pumpkin seeds.

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/ways-to-fall-asleep

Here are 20 simple ways to fall asleep as fast as possible. Lower the Room Temperature. Share on Pinterest. Use the "4-7-8" Breathing Method. Get on a Schedule. Experience Both Daylight and Darkness. Practice Yoga, Meditation and Mindfulness. Do Not Look at Your Clock. Avoid Naps During the Day. Watch What and When You Eat.

https://www.webmd.com/balance/how-tired-is-too-tired

For women in their childbearing years, anemia is a common cause of fatigue. Chronic diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease can also cause anemia. To confirm a diagnosis of anemia, your doctor will give you a blood test. If iron deficiency is the cause of your fatigue, treatment may include iron supplements.

https://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/features/daytime-sleepiness-tips

12 Tips to Avoid Daytime Sleepiness Get adequate nighttime sleep. Keep distractions out of bed. Set a consistent wake-up time. Gradually move to an earlier bedtime. Set consistent, healthy mealtimes. Exercise. De-clutter your schedule. Don't go to bed until you're sleepy.

https://www.healthline.com/health-news/why-you-want-to-avoid-2-types-of-blood-pressure-meds

Both Yancy and Clements point out that those medications include: thiazide diuretics (chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide) ACE inhibitors (benazepril, zofenopril, lisinopril, and many others) calcium channel blockers (amlodipine, diltiazem) angiotensin II receptor blockers (losartan, valsartan)

https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-5166-9368/ibuprofen-oral/ibuprofen-oral/details

Upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, or drowsiness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

https://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension-medication

Diuretics. Diuretics are some of the most commonly used drugs for treating high blood pressure. They help the kidneys get rid of excess water and sodium, or salt.

https://www.sleepfoundation.org/articles/medical-and-brain-conditions-cause-excessive-sleepiness

The most common causes of excessive sleepiness are insufficient sleep, changes to sleep schedule, and sleep disorders like sleep apnea.

https://www.nhs.uk/medicines/diphenhydramine/

If you're taking diphenhydramine for short-term sleep problems, it will start to make you feel drowsy around 20 to 30 minutes after you take it. For coughs and colds, your symptoms will normally start to improve within 20 minutes. The medicine should work for around 4 to 6 hours.

https://bemedwise.org/medication-safety/medication-side-effects

Ask if there are ways to prevent or manage drug side effects—like taking a medicine with food, or at bedtime. Ask whether you can drink alcohol when using the medicine, as combining alcohol with certain medicines can be dangerous. Make sure your healthcare providers are aware of any allergies you have.

https://healthtalk.org/experiences-antidepressants/taking-other-medicines-with-antidepressant-sleepi

Doctors are cautious about prescribing sleeping tablets. They only help to initiate sleep and don't treat the cause of insomnia. Sleeping tablets can cause side effects such as feeling 'hungover' or drowsiness during the day (see 'Telling the difference between depression symptoms and antidepressant side effects').

https://www.nhs.uk/medicines/amlodipine/

It's usual to take amlodipine once a day. You can take it at any time of day, but try to make sure it's around the same time each day. The most common side effects include headache, flushing, feeling tired and swollen ankles. These usually improve after a few days.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/allergies/in-depth/allergy-medications/art-20047403

These antihistamines are much less likely to cause drowsiness: Cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy) Desloratadine (Clarinex) Fexofenadine (Allegra Allergy) Levocetirizine (Xyzal) Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin)

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/in-depth/antidepressants/art-20046273

These medications generally cause fewer bothersome side effects and are less likely to cause problems at higher therapeutic doses than other types of antidepressants are. SSRIs include fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa) and escitalopram (Lexapro).