The American beech is native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario in southeastern Canada, west to Wisconsin and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida in the United States. Trees in the southern half of the range are sometimes distinguished as a variety, F. grandifolia var. Beech is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Fagaceae. There are 11 species of beech that can be found in the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Beech usually grows on chalk, limestone and other well-drained and fertile types of soil. Although beech grows into Quebec, it retains its tropical adaptation of smooth bark, compensating it with light coloration to reflect winter sunlight. ” Oak trees, which are in the same family (Fagacae), also retain leaves. Even after the leaves do fall, they persist on the forest floor. Beech trees grow extremely slowly. The U. S. Forest Service reports that seedlings planted in northern Pennsylvania took 10 years to get 2 feet high. Trees grown in the Great Lakes region required 20 years to grow 14 feet high, 40 years to grow 28 feet high and 80 years to reach 48 feet. The wood from American beech is heavy, dense, strong, and resistant to splitting. Since it burns efficiently and has a high heat value, it is often used for charcoal and fuelwood. The harvested timber is used for rough lumber, flooring, plywood, and railroad ties.
three hundred to four hundred years
Food Uses of Beech The ancient Greeks believed that beechnuts or 'mast' were the first food eaten by humans. The nuts are edible but should not be eaten in large quantities (see Cautions). The leaves have also been eaten as a salad vegetable.
The American Beech tree produces a lot of paper. The animals that feed on the nuts that grow on this tree are: the opossum, black bears, white-tailed deer, rabbits, ruffed grouse, red and gray squirrels, flying foxes, porcupines and others.
Beechnuts have historically been consumed for food, but they are high in tannins and have a strong bitter taste. In large quantities, they are toxic to both humans and dogs especially when they are green or uncooked. Beechnuts are often consumed as a food, but unripe or raw nuts are toxic in large quantities.
It has two means of reproduction: one is through the usual dispersal of seedlings, and the other is through root sprouts (new trees sprout from the roots in different locations). The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession.
Examples of hardwood trees include alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut. Examples of softwood trees are cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew. Most hardwoods have a higher density than most softwoods. Most softwoods have a lower density than most hardwoods.
Beech trees Prune a beech tree, if necessary, between autumn and early spring.
Perhaps, therefore, beech and other marcescent trees retain their leaves through the winter so that when they fall in the spring there's some likelihood the leaves are going to remain near the tree. In doing so, they would create a mulch layer that's going to stay there a little while.
American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) The American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) is a large, deciduous tree that grows in northern hardwood forests in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. Sugar Maples and American Beech trees are the two dominant trees of the northern hardwood forest, often found growing together.
American beech, or Fagus grandifolia, is the only species of beech native to the United States. Long considered a general utility hardwood, beech's biggest claims to fame might be its strength and bending properties.
The leaves of the American Beech are elliptical, with pointed tips, and have many straight, parallel veins and coarse teeth. The leaves are green during the summer, turning golden yellow, lustrous brown, then pale brown in autumn. They remain on the tree well into winter.
We know that, generally speaking, trees require a lot of energy to produce nuts, and so a tree won't produce them every year. The books say every two or three years for beech nuts and three to seven years for oaks, but take it all with a grain of salt.
Beech nuts average about 1, 600 per pound and most drop to the ground when ripe; a few are carried by rodents but dispersal is limited. However, beech leaves and twigs are not preferred by white-tailed deer and are only browsed when there is very little available.
Beech will grow approximately 30-60cm (1-2ft) per year if it is given good conditions for growth.