Question - Where do biosolids come from?

Answered by: Gregory Henderson  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 20-06-2022  |  Views: 1025  |  Total Questions: 14

Biosolids are derived from wastewater sludge, mainly a mix of water and organic materials that are a by-product of the sewage treatment processes. Most wastewater comes from household kitchens, laundries and bathrooms. Biosolids are created through the treatment of domestic wastewater generated from sewage treatment facilities. Once the wastewater reaches the plant, the sewage goes through physical, chemical and biological processes which clean the wastewater and remove the solids. Using Biosolids in Vegetable Gardens Properly treated biosolids can add nutrients to vegetable gardens and create better soil. Improperly treated biosolids can contain heavy metals, pathogens and other toxins. However, these days most biosolids are properly treated and completely safe for use as compost. Sewage sludge (aka biosolids) is a known source of the dangerous PFAS chemicals that have now contaminated the drinking water of 15 million Americans. This treatment plant has had approval from Michigan's Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) since 2001 to spread the biosolids it generates on land as fertilizer. Biosolids Companies (Waste and Recycling) Premium. Process Wastewater Technologies LLC. SUEZ Water Technologies and Solutions. Water Environment Federation (WEF) Merrell Bros. HUNING Maschinenbau GmbH. North East Biosolids and Residuals Association (NEBRA) Cambi Group AS. Mid-Atlantic Biosolids Association (MABA)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biochemical_oxygen_demand

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is the amount of dissolved oxygen needed (i. e. demanded) by aerobic biological organisms to break down organic material present in a given water sample at certain temperature over a specific time period.

https://modernfarmer.com/2014/07/stink-human-poop-fertilizer/

Some human waste ends up in forests and farm fields as the treated, human-feces-based fertilizer known as biosolids. Almost 50 percent of biosolids created in the United States are applied to land, with the majority being used in agriculture.

https://lystek.com/what-are-class-a-class-b-biosolids/

Class B biosolids are treated but contain higher levels of detectable pathogens than Class A biosolids. In terms of nutritional value, however, Class B and Class A biosolids are similar as they both contain important nutrients and organic matter.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewage_sludge

Sewage sludge is the residual, semi-solid material that is produced as a by-product during sewage treatment of industrial or municipal wastewater. The term "septage" also refers to sludge from simple wastewater treatment but is connected to simple on-site sanitation systems, such as septic tanks.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosolids

Nutrients. Encouraging agricultural use of biosolids is intended to prevent filling landfills with nutrient-rich organic materials from the treatment of domestic sewage that might be recycled and applied as fertilizer to improve and maintain productive soils and stimulate plant growth.

https://extension.psu.edu/what-is-sewage-sludge-and-what-can-be-done-with-it

What is in sewage sludge? Sewage sludge is composed of both inorganic and organic materials, large concentrations of some plant nutrients, much smaller concentrations of numerous trace elements¹ and organic chemicals, and some pathogens.

https://www.britannica.com/science/sludge-digestion

Sludge digestion is a biological process in which organic solids are decomposed into stable substances. Digestion reduces the total mass of solids, destroys pathogens, and makes it easier to dewater or dry the sludge. Digested sludge is inoffensive, having the appearance and characteristics of…

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewage_sludge_treatment

Many sludges are treated using a variety of digestion techniques, the purpose of which is to reduce the amount of organic matter and the number of disease-causing microorganisms present in the solids. The most common treatment options include anaerobic digestion, aerobic digestion, and composting.

https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/you-asked/it-true-garlic-china-grown-human-feces-and-watered-urine

It is possible that sewage is used as fertilizer, as it is in many parts of the world although there is no evidence that garlic in China is fertilized in this fashion. In any case, there is no problem with this, human waste is as effective a fertilizer as is animal waste.

https://sustainablefoodtrust.org/articles/human-manure-closing-the-nutrient-loop/

“1% of wastewater is waste. Human urine and faecal matter are a rich source of essential plant nutrients. Historically, human excreta, 'nightsoils', were collected from towns and villages and spread in raw or composted form on fields in the surrounding farmland.

https://www.pccmarkets.com/sound-consumer/2012-03/biosolids_hit_the_fan/

Unlike conventional farmers, organic farmers can't use sewage sludge as fertilizer. It was one of the most hotly contested battles in developing national organic standards. Here's why. After being somewhat defanged, biosolids are used as fertilizer or soil amendments.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-51355965

Every year 3. 6 million tonnes of sewage sludge is reprocessed and spread onto agricultural land across the UK. But the report said current regulations do not cover a number of contaminants, which it says could potentially pose a risk to human health.

https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-ess-faq-water-wb-septagebiosolids-whatarethey_206712_7.pd

Biosolids are the nutrient-rich organic materials resulting from the treatment of domestic sewage in a wastewater treatment facility (i. e., treated sewage sludge). Biosolids are a beneficial resource, containing essential plant nutrients and organic matter and are recycled as a fertilizer and soil amendment.

https://bioscienceresource.org/sewage-sludge-biosolids-land-application-health-risks-and-regulation-

Sewage sludge (also known as 'biosolids') refers to the semi-solids left over from municipal waste water treatment. Current legal disposal options include incineration, landfill, and land application to agricultural land, rangeland, or forests.