Species Survival Plan® Started in 1981, the Species Survival Plan (SSP) is population management and conservation program for selected species of wildlife. The program's goal is to maintain captive populations that are both genetically diverse and demographically stable. -requires the U. S Fish and Wildlife Service to maintain the official list of endangered and threatened organisms, and to develop recovery plans for each protected species. A wildlife corridor is a link of wildlife habitat, generally native vegetation, which joins two or more larger areas of similar wildlife habitat. Corridors are critical for the maintenance of ecological processes including allowing for the movement of animals and the continuation of viable populations. A conservation organization raises money and offers to pay off a part of a developing nations international debt in exchange for a by the nation to set aside reserves, fund environmental education, and better manage protected areas. Genetic diversity or variation is the raw material for adaptation in a species. A species' future potential for adaptation depends on the genetic diversity held in the genomes of the individuals in populations that make up the species. The same is true for higher taxonomic categories.
Several factors affect small-scale species richness, including geographic factors such as the regional species pool, dispersal distance and ease of dispersal, biological factors such as competition, facilitation, and predation as well as environmental factors such as resource availability, environmental heterogeneity
Biodiversity is declining rapidly due to land use change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution. These result from demographic, economic, sociopolitical, cultural, technological, and other indirect drivers.
Clones could theoretically increase the genetic diversity of an endangered population if researchers have access to preserved DNA from many different individuals. At the very least, clones could stabilize a shrinking population.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.
the single GREATEST cause of biodiversity loss today. Species lose their habitats when those habitats are destroyed outright, but habitats are also lost when they are altered through more subtle processes, including fragmentation and other forms of degradation.
Richard Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act into law on December 28, 1973.
The individual components of biodiversity—genes, species, and ecosystems—provide society with a wide array of goods and services. Similarly, a change in the composition and abundance of the species that make up an ecosystem can alter the services that can be obtained from the system.
Summary: The Endangered Species Act ("ESA") prohibits importing, exporting, taking, possessing, selling, and transporting endangered and threatened species (with certain exceptions). ESA also provides for the designation of critical habitat and prohibits the destruction of that habitat.
US-Brazil debt for nature swap to protect forests. The United States and Brazil have signed an agreement converting $21m (£13. 5m) of Brazilian debt into a fund to protect tropical ecosystems.
An example of a bilateral swap occurred when the U. S. Government, under the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative, forgave a portion of Jamaica's official debt obligations and allowed the payments on the balance to go into national funds that finance environmental conservation.
A debt/equity swap is a transaction in which the obligations or debts of a company or individual are exchanged for something of value, equity. The value of the stocks and bonds being exchanged is typically determined by the market at the time of the swap.
Conservation swaps is when parts of a country's debts are paid off in exchange for investment in conservation.
If the species increases rapidly and displaces the native species. Many animals are lost to poaching. What is the main motivation behind poaching? Sale of animal parts illegally. Endangered Species Act.