Major Minerals As mentioned earlier, there are two main classifications of minerals. Seven of the minerals needed by your body are classified as major minerals; they include sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sulfur. Sulfur, phosphorus, and magnesium are all considered major minerals. * The mineral component is composed of hydroxyapatite, which is an insoluble salt of calcium and phosphorus. About 65% of adult bone mass is hydroxyapatite. * Bone also contains small amounts of magnesium, sodium, and bicarbonate. * Water comprises approximately 25% of adult bone mass. The major minerals, which are used and stored in large quantities in the body, are calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur. Minerals that are essential to the body fall under one of two categories, major and minor. 1. Major minerals are needed in amounts greater than 100 mg/day and include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chloride, potassium, and sulfur. Sodium, chloride and potassium are also known as body electrolytes.
"A mineral is an element or chemical compound that is normally crystalline and that has been formed as a result of geological processes" (Nickel, E. H., 1995). "Minerals are naturally-occurring inorganic substances with a definite and predictable chemical composition and physical properties. " (O' Donoghue, 1990).
minerals have been classified on the basis of their chemical composition. Under this scheme, they are divided into classes according to their dominant anion or anionic group (e. g., halides, oxides, and sulfides). Mineral is a homogeneous naturally occurring substance with a definable internal structure.
The two kinds of minerals are: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macro means "large" in Greek (and your body needs larger amounts of macrominerals than trace minerals). The macromineral group is made up of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulfur.
Minerals are those elements on the earth and in foods that our bodies need to develop and function normally. Those essential for health include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium, iron, zinc, iodine, chromium, copper, fluoride, molybdenum, manganese, and selenium.
Toothpaste typically contains aluminum oxides and limestone, which serve as gentle abrasives to scrub the surface of the teeth. And fluoride, the active ingredient in toothpaste that helps prevent tooth decay, can be derived from the mineral fluorite. These components have to be mined from the ground.
Macrominerals Mineral Function Potassium Needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction Calcium Important for healthy bones and teeth; helps muscles relax and contract; important in nerve functioning, blood clotting, blood pressure regulation, immune system health
A naturally occurring, homogeneous inorganic solid substance having a definite chemical composition and characteristic crystalline structure, color, and hardness. An inorganic element, such as calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, or zinc, that is essential to the nutrition of humans, animals, and plants.
As with vitamins, a healthy balanced diet should provide all the minerals your body needs to work properly. Essential minerals include calcium, iron and potassium. However, there are many more minerals your body needs to function, including: beta-carotene. magnesium. phosphorus. silicon. sodium. sulphur.
Suggested Use Begin regimen by taking 10 drops for 3 consecutive days. Each day thereafter, increase serving by 10 drops up to ½ teaspoon (40 drops) once or twice daily. Children age 2-3: Take 1 drop for every 5 lbs of body weight. For regular or sodium restricted diets.
Chloride is found in table salt or sea salt as sodium chloride. It is also found in many vegetables. Foods with higher amounts of chloride include seaweed, rye, tomatoes, lettuce, celery, and olives. Chloride, combined with potassium, is also found in many foods.
Diamond. Diamond is the hardest naturally occurring mineral, topping Mohs' Scale of Hardness with a relative hardness value of 10. Diamond is a polymorph of the element carbon, and graphite is another. While the two share the same chemistry, C (elemental carbon), they have very different structures and properties.
In high doses all nine trace minerals can be toxic in humans. In general, mineral toxicity results when a person accidentally consumes too much of any mineral, as with drinking ocean water (sodium toxicity), or is overexposed to industrial pollutants, household chemicals, or certain drugs.
Minerals can be found throughout the world in the earth's crust but usually in such small amounts that they not worth extracting. Only with the help of certain geological processes are minerals concentrated into economically viable deposits. Mineral deposits can only be extracted where they are found.