Question - Which of the following is a modifiable risk factor associated with periodontitis?

Answered by: Michelle Watson  |  Category: General  |  Last Updated: 22-06-2022  |  Views: 1451  |  Total Questions: 14

The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors affect the health of your gums. Age. Smoking/Tobacco Use. Genetics. Stress. Medications. Clenching or Grinding Your Teeth. Other Systemic Diseases. Poor Nutrition and Obesity. Modifiable risk factors include: smoking high blood pressure diabetes physical inactivity being overweight high blood cholesterol. The good news is that the effect of many risk factors can be changed (you cannot change the risk factor, only its effect). Diabetes and smoking are the biggest risk factors for gum disease development, increased severity, and the speed at which it occurs. The number one systemic condition that increases susceptibility to periodontal disease is diabetes. Diabetes is clinically associated with increased susceptibility to infection and individuals with both types of diabetes are at increased risk for periodontal disease.

https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/gingivitis-periodontal-disease

Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease. These include: Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5813989/

Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease that predisposes to a variety of comorbidities including arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases (3). Furthermore, obesity has been suggested to be a risk factor for periodontitis (1-3).

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/242321

Bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless membrane that develops over the surface of teeth, is the most common cause of periodontal disease. If plaque it not removed, it can harden to form tartar, or calculus. Most cases of periodontitis are preventable through good dental hygiene.

https://www.medicinenet.com/gum_disease/article.htm

Pellets or gels like PerioChip that contain the chlorhexidine or doxycycline can be placed in deep gum pockets after deep scaling and root planing to kill stubborn bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets.

https://www.health.com/oral-health/best-mouthwash-gingivitis

The Best Mouthwash for Gingivitis, According to a Dentist Crest Pro-Health Multiprotection Rinse. Amazon. Dr. Oxyfresh Lemon Mint Mouthwash. Amazon. Tom's of Maine Natural Wicked Fresh! Mouth Wash. Listerine Zero Clean Mint Mouthwash. Amazon. Listerine Naturals Antiseptic Mouthwash. Amazon.

https://www.dentistry.uiowa.edu/patient-care-periodontal

The disease is still reversible at this stage, and can usually be eliminated by careful daily brushing and flossing. In the more advanced stages of gum disease, called periodontitis, the gums and bone that support the teeth become seriously damaged.

https://pasadenaperiodontics.com/different-stages-periodontal-disease/

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the only stage of periodontal disease that is reversible as it has not yet had time to attack the bones.

https://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=11878

Medical Definition of Periodontal disease Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fibers and supporting bones that hold the teeth in the mouth. Left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1351013/

However it has been suggested that the increased level of periodontal destruction observed with aging is the result of cumulative destruction rather than a result of increased rates of destruction. Thus aging is not a risk factor per se (Genco, 1996).

https://www.gumdoc.net/periodontal-disease/mouth-body-connections/gum-disease-in-families/

Current studies suggest that periodontal disease is influenced by heredity, so your genetic makeup truly does have the potential to make you more susceptible to periodontitis. Aggressive Periodontitis is a condition where patients rapidly lose bone around selected teeth. In some cases it can affect all of the teeth.

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/gum-disease/

Gum disease is a very common condition where the gums become swollen, sore or infected. If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. This early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop.

https://www.deltadentalins.com/oral_health/are-oral-health-issues-genetic.html

1. Periodontal (gum) disease. Up to 30% of the population may be genetically predisposed to gum disease. Characterized by sensitive and inflamed gums, this common problem is linked to decay and, when left untreated, can result in tooth and bone loss.

https://belleforestdental.com/can-you-get-gum-disease-from-kissing/

Kissing someone who has gum disease or cavity-causing bacteria can cause someone else who previously had a low concentration of “bad” bacteria to “catch” dental problems, due to the increased concentration of “bad” bacteria — especially if that person has poor oral hygiene habits, which set the stage for tooth decay.

https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/features/health-perils-of-gum-disease

By age 65, 1 in 4 adults have gum disease. A report by the American Academy of Periodontology estimates 20% to 30% of adults have gum disease serious enough to put them at risk of losing teeth. Gum disease more often affects men than women. One theory is that women in general take better care of their teeth.